Plant regeneration at the cellular and tissue level is a unique process. Similar to animals, the stem cells in plants have properties that help stimulate and regenerate plants after injury. The unique properties of plant stem cells have been a recent area of interest and focus both in developing new cosmetics and studying how these extracts/phytohormones will influence animal skin.
This special report focuses on the current evidence-based trends in plant stem cell-based cosmetics and sheds light on the challenges that we need to overcome in order to see meaningful changes in human skin using topical cosmetics derived from plant stem cells.
In plants, these cells live in the meristems of plants,”says Dr. Loral, MD. “They help and regenerate live plants after they have an injury.”
The same comes in how the cells act, though. “Stem cells have the ability to self renew and self repair, just like human stem cells,”. “The difference is that the plant ones actually have stronger antioxidant properties than human cells because plants are stationary. They have to protect themselves from the insults of weather.”
Skin care benefits
When use in skin-care products, the stem cells are not live, but you get the same benefits of antioxidants, amino acid content, and ability to boost collagen synthesis from these stem cell extracts.
One exciting area of research for stem cells is in treating skin problems, such as wrinkles, visible capillaries and sun damage. In the basal layer of the epidermis (the deepest layer of the outer surface of the skin), stem cells divide and replace lost or dying cells.
They also repair the skin when it suffers injury. The epidermis is in a constant state of renewal—sloughing cells every single day—so it requires non-stop cell replacement. Therefore it’s essential that we optimize epidermal stem cell population throughout our lives, even as we age.
As our skin faces its daily assaults—environmental toxins, excess sun exposure, improper nutrition—we run the risk of overwhelming the epidermal stem cells. When this happens, stem cells might not be able to keep up with the demand of cellular turnover, resulting in an excess of damaged cells and, eventually, aged and damaged skin.
Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum) is an herbaceous plant that grows on mountain ranges from the Pyrenees and Alps to the Himalayas. Over time it has developed many natural defenses in order to survive the extreme climates in which it grows. It has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
In a recent study, 30 participants applied a cream containing Edelweiss stem cells to their faces twice daily for 40 days.
The cream was found to reduce wrinkle depth of the eye contour area by 15 percent after only 20 days. Edelweiss stem cells also seem to be helpful in preventing collagen loss, firming and restructuring the skin, and preventing aging and sun damage.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics, organic plant based skin care brand, created a few products with plant stem cells.
- The Luxury Caviar Lifting Serum
- The Super White Bio Serum
- The 20% Niacinamide Serum
- The Peptide Collagen Repair Cream
Plant Stem Cells Boost collagen production and regenerate the skin to delay signs of aging!
Did you now that Caviar has many beneficial properties to bolster skin strength. The rich amino acids and proteins are essential building blocks for cellular integrity. Deeply nourishing, wet caviar is made up of water, glucides, proteins, lipids, fatty acids, palmitic, oleic, linoleic acids as well as EPA, DHA, and Docosapentaenoic acid. It has vast minerals including sodium, selenium, potassium, phosphor, magnesium and calcium and vitamins such as D and A. Its high protein contents, including 17 amino acids, improve the skin’s outer layers and increase skin strength. These nutrients improve the skin’s dermis elasticity and help to prevent the erosion of tissues.
Caviar is easily absorbed by skin, creating soothing benefits for all skin types. It is 50 to 70 percent water and because of its similar structure to human amino acids, this moisture is directly absorbed by the skin. Amino acids are imperative to the skin’s ability to retain moisture and stay hydrated. Fatty acids (some of them essentials) restructure skin on the epidermis lipidic fences, helping to prevent trans epidermic water loss and maintain high levels of skin moisture.
Does caviar contain collagen?
Contents of Caviar Extract include Phospholipids, collagen, trace elements, O3 fatty acid, Proteins, petit, phosphorus, phosphoproteins and metallics. Collagen is a major component of your skin. It plays a role in strengthening skin, plus may benefit elasticity and hydration.
Is Caviar good for wrinkles?
As you age, your body produces less collagen, leading to dry skin and the formation of wrinkles.
Caviar extract is a protein source, amino acids (glycine, lysine, histidine, arginine, and asparagine, …), minerals, and Vitamins (A, D, B1, B2, B6), great concentration to help skin cells, works optimally and prevents premature aging. Penetrating deeply into the skin, caviar extracts work to enhance skin renewal and regeneration processes, increase collagen and elastin production from within cells and provide protection. A powerful antioxidant from within cells slows down the aging process. The result is skin that is hard to moisturize, wrinkles, fine lines, smooth skin, thicker, younger-looking, more energetic, and more radiant.
Dr. Sophie De Lacour, Based in Paris, France, said intensive research has shown that caviar extract has “firming, lifting, volumizing benefits, and gives back that elasticity to the skin.” He continues, “It really works on the skin’s extracellular matrix, all of that ‘scaffold’ that really gives the firmness to the skin.” I am myself obsessed with I’m fabulous Cosmetics organic and vegan Caviar luxury lifting serum. The serum comes in a patented glass bottle with a pump. The look and feel of the whole package, plus the silky feeling of the creamy silky serum made my regular ‘ol routine feel more like a spa treatment. It’s expensive. If you prefer the finer things in…say, designer bags and shoes, five star hotels, and food with truffle on it, then yes, this cream very much makes sense in your life. Skin appears more supported, tightened and toned, with a heightened feeling of tautness and suppleness.
Surprisingly, the cell structure of caviar is quite similar to the one of humans. It does help accelerate the process of rejuvenation of your skin. Caviar is rich in minerals and vitamins. It also contains oligonucleotides and natural mineral sodium and calcium, combined with nourishing and revitalizing your skin very well.
One of the benefits of plant-based ingredients, both in medicine and natural skincare, is that your body automatically knows how to process them. The botanical world is rich in natural antioxidants, vitamins, and emollients, which are the perfect building blocks for truly effective complexes that deliver powerful benefits.
Letting your skin breathe with plant-based skincare products is the most effective way to absorb vitamins and keep your skin hydrated. Natural ingredients, when used by authentic and conscientious plant-based skincare brands, are carefully chosen, harvested, and utilized in skincare formulas. This means money, time, and effort spent since seasonal crop variations can occur that affect availability. It takes effort to procure these valuable plant-based ingredients and there is a big payoff.
A single plant can contain dozens of different phytonutrients. This means you get an array of nutrient benefits in whole plant skincare rather than the handful of isolated chemicals from synthetic ingredients. Just the essential oils from Calendula have 27 different individual compounds! Plants are so complex and vary so much from one variety to another that it is virtually impossible and definitely impractical to try to duplicate their unique chemistry in a lab.
Just as a phytonutrient-rich diet makes your body feel healthy, phytonutrients in cosmetics deliver healthy-looking skin. Phytonutrients lend a calming sensation, diminish the appearance of redness, and provide the appearance of even skin tone. These ingredients also help to improve the appearance of aging and make skin look rejuvenated and healthy. Plant-based skincare is even well suited to use on skin that may have acne breakouts, eczema, hyperpigmentation, allergies, and other problems.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics brand, created by Anis Lacerte, focus on restoring and maintain the skin’s natural youthfulness and vitality through healthy, pure ingredients and truly effective advancements in skincare using biotechnology. The challenge is to understand what skin cells truly need for better performance and how we can provide them with the components vital to healthy function.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING PLANT-BASED SKIN CARE PRODUCTS?
Dr. Kloss a naturopathic doctor who got into this field because of a deep love of botanical medicine and an obsession with at-home skincare recipes. So it makes sense that as a huge advocate of plant-based skincare. Plant-based skincare is a term that is pretty vague, and not regulated so that means that anyone can use the term, even if there are a lot of non-plant-based skincare ingredients in the product. However, there are a lot of great companies that do use the term appropriately, meaning that a healthy amount of ingredients are plant-based ingredients.
Each plant is like a natural pharmacy in its own right: plants are made up of thousands of different types of molecules that evolved right alongside us in nature, and for thousands of years they literally were our medicine. The difference between a plant and a pharmaceutical used as medicine is this: plants have those thousands of chemicals available to our bodies, so the active components are generally available in relatively lower doses and are provided along with many other synergistic chemicals that balance out the effects of the active components and provide additional benefits.
Phospholipids are another important chemical class naturally found in plant-based skincare ingredients. They are considered complex lipids (fatty acid molecules attached to another compound, making them more chemically similar to the molecules naturally found in human cell membranes). They naturally provide the skin with increased elasticity, hasten skin renewal, and calm inflammation. One important phospholipid naturally found in sea buckthorn oil is lecithin, also known as phosphatidylcholine, an important chemical messenger and precursor in human biochemistry. When we use it topically as part of sea buckthorn oil, it has the important ability to moisturize the skin and smooth fine lines and dry patches.
Why Should I Have a Plant-Based Skin Care Routine?
You may be thinking, “That’s great, but I don’t have sensitive skin so why does it matter?” Using a plant-based skin care routine isn’t only beneficial to people with sensitive skin. It also helps alleviate allergies, which are developed over time.
But there are even more benefits of switching to a plant-based skin care routine.
You’ll Have Softer Skin
A few years ago, “sulfate-free” was a word to look for when searching for natural skin care products and it’s still a hot trend today.
A sulfate is a chemical that is used in shampoos, detergents, soaps, cleansers, and other de-greasers to act as a surfactant. In simple terms, it’s what causes your soap or cleanser to lather and foam. A sulfate-free product is one that doesn’t strip or dehydrate your hair or skin.
Many skincare and cosmetic brands add drying agents to their products. Just as their name suggests, they dry out your skin and no one wants that! The essential oils in plant-based skincare products help to moisturize and that’s something just about everyone is looking for.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics is offering a free online skincare consultation. Start now and discover your best plant-based skincare routine.
In your early 50s, you most likely will experience menopause, when estrogen halts and testosterone takes over. During the first few years of menopause, your skin will lose a significant amount of its collagen and moisture, and as a result, your ‘glow’ will vanish as well. While wrinkles are annoying enough, many people find themselves dealing with crepey skin for the first time in their 50s. Those fine lines and early wrinkles you may have been fighting against in your 30s and 40s will likely become permanent fixtures on your face by 50. Hormonal changes also occur as we reach our 50s, which is when menopause starts, and this can make your skin dry and sandpaper-like in touch.
1-BRIGHTEN UP YOUR SKIN WITH SKIN PEELS
Our skin renewal decreases significantly with every year, causing the skin to look dull and dry. A weekly at-home gentle skin peel can help. Your skin actually becomes thinner as you get older, becoming drier and more fragile as a result. People who are older can develop skin that breaks more easily, causing cuts and scabs. You can use a gentle face peel and a body peel to make your skin softer and help with the sun damage, age spots, and dry skin.
2-ENHANCE YOUR TEXTURE WITH MICRO-NEEDLING
What Is Micro-needling?
Microneedling is a cosmetic procedure. It involves pricking the skin with tiny sterilized needles. The small wounds cause your body to make more collagen and elastin, which heal your skin and help you look younger. You might also hear it called collagen induction therapy.
Micro-needling is used to treat and improve conditions like acne scarring, fine lines and wrinkles, loose skin, skin texture, pore size, brown spots, stretch marks, and pigment issues. It’s also called skin needling, collagen induction therapy (CIT), and percutaneous collagen induction.
Micro-needling can be safely repeated every 4-6 weeks until you achieve the desired results. For collagen induction we recommend to start with 3 treatments, but with a minimum separation time of 4 to 6 weeks between treatments. For scar reduction an average of 3 to 6 treatments are recommended.
It’s considered effective in treating minor scarring related to acne, wounds, and aging. You’ll likely notice brighter, firmer skin, too. Ideal results are achieved after multiple sessions. Micro-needling is far more effective than at-home rollers. An electric pen like the I’m Fabulous Cosmetics Glow Derma pen, is safe, painless and super easy to use.
3-SMOOTH YOUR SKIN OUT WITH DERMAPLANING
Professional Dermaplaning Tool is an aesthetician approved, at-home facial exfoliation treatment that uses a sterile single edge blade to safely remove the buildup of dead skin and peach fuzz that make your complexion appear dull and flaky. By stripping the outermost layer of dead skin on the face the Dermaplaning Tool instantly reveals smoother, more luminous skin.
4-FADE LINES WITH PEPTIDES & RETINOL
Peptides are the building blocks of collagen and elastin fibers that are found in our skin, explains cosmetic Dr. Jen Robins, MD. They’re short chains of amino acids, and can tell the body to produce even more collagen. When it comes to fighting wrinkles, the first ingredient people think about is retinol. But peptides are a great alternative and have almost been forgotten about! … Peptides are great for sensitive skin or skin that is new to an anti-aging routine.
After the age of 50 for best skin care routine it best to use Peptides and Retinol. Retinol cream at night and a peptide serum in the morning. The strongest peptides are copper peptides and can even help with intensive skin repair and scarring. This also can be applied together with micro-needling. For those with stubborn skincare concerns, like deep wrinkles and pronounced uneven skin tone, you may want to consider a product with a higher percentage of retinol, between 0.5% and 2.5% retinol.
ALWAYS clean your face before bedtime – even if you’ve worn no makeup.
Over the course of the day, makeup, dirt, and sebum build-up on your face. Fac cleaning should always be part of your bedtime routine so you can avoid building up between skin layers. I’m Fabulous cosmetics offers different cleansers for different skin types and ages.
But its secret weapon is cleaning extremely well between epidermis and dermis where we care most, without stripping skin of essential moisture.
Exfoliate twice a week.
Dead skin cells accumulated on the face are a big headache and cause complexion problems. If proper steps are not taken to remove the dead skin cells it would result in breakouts and larger pores, which makes the skin dull in appearance and dirty. Even though makeup can somehow manage to cover the problem, it cannot take it off. Dead skin cells are mostly the cause for many skin issues.
To remove the dead skin cells you first need to be aware of how the dead skin cells are formed on the skin. Did you know that Our skin generally rejuvenates about every 7-10 days. The old skin cells are removed from skin and new skin cells are formed on the skin. The accumulation of the dead skin cells on the skin will make skin dry and dull and will not allow cells to renew anymore.
The accumulation of dead skin cells later results in clogged pores, uneven complexion, fine lines and wrinkles, blemishes, and blackheads. The skin does not breathe anymore and the cells are not able to renew.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics Wild Berry Honey Exfoliator Scrub, and both chemical and mechanical exfoliator that has superpowers when it comes to unclogging pores. Scrub on your face in a circular motion, let sit for 15-30 minutes, rinse, wash as usual. You’ll be luminous in no time!
Feed the skin with Night Serums and Creams.
Help cells renew over 1000 faster with the most advanced Night Creams and anti-aging correcting serums loaded with plant-based ingredients and peptides, cell renewal and to improve skin structure and collagen production during the night. Jojoba Oil nourishes the skin and Peptides Extract reduces the appearance of lines and wrinkles as firmness and elasticity are restored. Skin is left renewed, smoother, and more radiant in the morning.
Reaching for natural, organic formulas that contain fortifying vitamins, nutrients and antioxidants that feed your skin at a cellular level – free of any chemicals that could potentially strip the skin and absorb into the pores and bloodstream – makes a huge difference.
Hydrate and protect
Moisture and protect against exterior factors like cold, pollution, dust, humidity, UVA/UVB/UVC with a good morning skincare regimen, making serums, day cream and sunblock a must do!
Using chemical-based SPF sunscreens will damage your skin very quick as you expose really bad synthetic chemicals in high temperatures. Make sure to only use an organic sunscreen!
There are several types of skin peels to choose from. Natural and chemical. Chemical peels have been well known and used by plastic surgeons, and estheticians all over the world for years!
A chemical peels can help you attain healthier and radiant-looking skin. Chemical peels use chemical solutions to remove the top skin layers and promote the growth of new skin.
- Jessner’s Peel (a combination of salicyclic acid, resorcinol and lactic acid mixed in ethanol)
- TCA (Trichloracetic Acid)
Natural skin peels uses lactic, glycolic
- Salicylic Acid (BHA)
- Lactic Acid.
- Glycolic Acid(AHA)
If you have darker skin, you may also have good results, depending upon the type of problem being treated. But you also may be more likely to have an uneven skin tone after the procedure. Skin sags, bulges, and more severe wrinkles do not respond well to chemical peels.
Glycolic peel are really from the 80’s the best is really Lactic now! Glycolic is really irritating to the skin.
Lactic acid is one of the most popular alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) in skin care today, marketed as a powerful ingredient that helps reduce acne breakouts and the appearance of wrinkles and other signs of aging. … Lactic acid may exfoliate your skin, but over time, it could lead to increased aging due to sun damage.
Lactic acid is an antiwrinkle and pigmentation-fighting ingredient found in over-the-counter (OTC) and professional-grade skin care products.
Derived from milk, lactic acid belongs to a class of anti-aging ingredients called alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). Other examples of AHAs include glycolic acid and citric acid.
Keep reading to learn how a lactic acid peel can improve your skin, OTC products to try, what to expect from a professional peel, and more.
A chemical peel works by using a chemical — in this case, lactic acid — on bare skin. It removes the top layer of skin (epidermis). Some stronger formulas may also target the middle layers of skin (dermis).
Despite the name, your skin doesn’t noticeably “peel” off. What is noticeable, though, are the effects underneath the removed epidermis: smoother and brighter skin.
Lactic acid is specifically used to treat hyperpigmentation, age spots, and other factors that contribute to a dull and uneven complexion. Other benefits of AHAs like lactic acid include improved skin tone and reduced pore appearance.
However, unlike AHAs such as glycolic acid, lactic acid is a bit milder. This makes a lactic acid peel a better choice for sensitive skin. Lactic acid may also be an option if you’ve tried another AHA in the past and found the product too strong.
Skin peels can also cause irritation, rash, and itchiness. These effects are usually mild and improve as your skin gets used to the product. If your side effects persist after the first few applications, discontinue use and see your doctor.
You shouldn’t use a lactic acid peel if you have:
If you looking for an at home CHEMICAL PEEL check out the GORGEOUS PEEL. This peel has no downtime and no mixing is necessary.
If you prefer a natural skin peel check out the BIO GORGEOUS PEEL.
- ACNE PEEL
- AGE SPOTS
- AT HOME CHEMICAL PEEL
- AT HOME CHEMICAL PEEL
- BEST AT HOME CHEMICAL PEELS
- BEST CHEMICAL PEELS
- CHEMICAL PEEL
- CHEMICAL PEELS
- DAILY EXFOLIATION
- ENZYME FACIAL PEELS
- GLYCOLIC ACID
- HOME CHEMICAL PEELS
- JESSNER PEEL
- LACTIC ACID
- MANDELIC ACID
- PUMPKIN PEEL
- SALICYLIC ACID PEEL
- SKIN RENEWAL
- SUN DAMAGE
- TCA PEEL
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics has added fabulous ingredients like Prickly pear cactus seed oil into their Luxurious Organic Serum. Prickly pear cactus, or Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill., is also referred to as barbary fig and is a member of the Cactaceae family. The parts of the plant include pads (also called leaves or cladodes) covered with spines, fruits (or tunas), seeds, flowers, and stems/trunks.
- Prickly Pear Seed Oil: Prevents Wrinkles. Prickly Pear Oil has an extensive Vitamin E content, 895mg/kg (150% more than Argan oil). Vitamin E is a free radical scavenger and increases cell renewal. The high fatty acid content plumps the skin, reducing wrinkles and adding firmness, as well as intercepting free radical damage.
The fruits range in color and can be green, yellow, orange, or red. The flowers of the prickly pear cactus can also range in color, even among the same species. Flowers can either be yellow, red, or purple.
Most of the plant parts benefit humans and animals both internally and externally and have been used throughout the world. For instance, in traditional medicine, Opuntia ficus indica has been used for the treatment of burns.
The Aztecs extracted the milky juice from the plant and mixed it with honey and egg yolk to provide an ointment to treat burns. Prickly pear cactus has been used for wounds, edema, hyperlipidemia, obesity and catarrhal gastritis.
In Mexican traditional medicine, prickly pear cactus (nopal) is used for the treatment of diabetes and high cholesterol. Alcoholic extracts have been indicated for anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, and antiviral purposes. The Chinese dressed abscesses with the fleshy pad of the plant.
The American Indians used the fruit for food and also made syrup from it to treat a whooping cough and asthma.
Only recently, research has begun to show just how much the seeds of the prickly pear can so greatly benefit skin. Within the edible part of each prickly pear fruit there are numerous seeds. The seed amount can vary from 30% to 40% on a dry weight basis. These seeds contain oil, and it is this nutrient-rich oil that is extracted and then used on the skin. Today, oil can be pressed from the seeds and then used as a carrier oil or ingredient in cosmetics and skincare applications.
Anatomy of the Skin’s Epidermis
The epidermis, or outermost layer of human skin, is covered and protected by a layer of lipids and sweat known as the acid mantle. The lipid portion of the acid mantle is made up of sebum from sebaceous glands as well as lipids from the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis) The sweat of the acid mantle is that secreted by sweat glands. The acid mantle has an acidic pH. The pH is the measurement of acidity or alkalinity of a body fluid. With a pH between 4 and 6.5, the skin is protected from bacterial and fungal infection as well as water loss. The acid mantle also supports the barrier function of the stratum corneum. If the acid mantle loses its acidity, the skin becomes susceptible to damage and infection as well as irritation and sensitivity.
The stratum corneum has a brick-and-mortar type design. Corneocytes are the cells that form the brick-like layer. The mortar is made up of a complex of intercellular lipids that holds the moisture in between the corneocytes. The stratum corneum maintains the water level of the skin below and controls and reduces what is known as transepidermal water loss (TEWL). TEWL is the natural moisture flow out from deeper skin layers to be lost eventually by evaporation from the skin surface. With the brick-and-mortar design, the cells in the stratum corneum (the corneocytes) form a water-retaining barrier embedded in a lipid matrix.
The principal lipids that make up the mortar of the stratum corneum include ceramides (approximately 40-50%), cholesterol (20-25%), and fatty acids (10-25%). It is this mortar of lipids that serves to prevent water loss through the stratum corneum. These lipids and the natural moisturizing factor (NMF) of the stratum corneum are crucial in maintaining the water level of the skin as well as reducing TEWL. The NMF, which is housed within the corneocytes, is composed of free amino acids and their derivatives, urocanic acid, inorganic salts, sugars, lactic acid, and urea. NMF components are highly efficient humectants that attract and bind water from the atmosphere, drawing it into the corneocytes. These compounds are responsible for keeping the skin moist and pliable by attracting and holding water. They can hold large amounts of water in the skin cells and are also capable of absorbing water from the atmosphere and/or products applied to the skin. The lipids serve to prevent water loss from occurring in the NMF.
The Stratum Corneum Skin Barrier Function – Normal versus Dry Skin
Fatty acids in the skin lubricate, soften, and protect skin and prevent moisture loss from the skin. Both essential and non-essential fatty acids play separate and critical roles in proper skin function. The two types of essential fatty acids (EFAs) are linoleic acid and alpha-linoleic acid. EFAs are called essential because they are absolutely essential in our bodies, but our bodies cannot synthesize them. We must, therefore, consume them in our diets or apply them to our skin. All other fatty acids found in the skin simply are referred to as fatty acids. These include palmitic acid, oleic acid, myristic acid, stearic acid, and others. Non-essential fatty acids can be produced by the body, although they can still be ingested from some of the food that we eat or applied to the skin.
Components of Vegetable/Herbal/Nut/Seed Oils and Their Effect on Skin
A deficiency in stratum corneum lipids may contribute to dehydrated skin or xerosis (an abnormal dryness of the skin or mucus membranes). Factors that may cause such condition include age, low humidity in the environment, cold or heat exposure (e.g. sunburn, wind burn, or frostbite), diet, genetics, and indoor heating. Factors that can break down the protective lipid layer and increase TEWL include taking long, hot showers in the wintertime, using harsh detergents or solvents, excessive hand washing, and applying irritating chemicals. When the skin barrier breaks down, one may notice dry, itchy, flaky, rough, and dull skin and can even develop fissures and cracks. Whether a person has healthy, supple skin or suffers from common skin disorders, maintenance of a healthy skin barrier is vital. A daily skin regimen must be followed regularly to maintain the health of the skin.
One exceptional way to help maintain the health of the skin is to apply vegetable/herbal/nut/seed oils onto the skin. These oils, along with creams, lotions, ointments, butters, and balms soften and smooth the skin surface, maintain skin’s tone and elasticity, prevent TEWL, and support the lipid matrix. Vegetable and seed oils, beeswax, squalene, lanolin, and shea butter supply nutrients to and have a hydrating effect on the skin. They are called occlusive substances and form a barrier on the surface of the skin helping to reduce TEWL. Thus, vegetable oils are highly biocompatible to the skin and maintain the health of the stratum corneum.
Vegetable oils can be used to dilute and carry essential oils onto skin. They can also be therapeutic substances, in that they contain the following chemical components: 1.) essential and non-essential fatty acids, 2.) fat-soluble vitamins, 3.) sterols/phytosterols, and 4.) polyphenols/phenolic compounds.
Component 1 – Essential and Non-Essential Fatty Acids: Vegetable oils contain varying amounts of EFAs and non-essential fatty acids. When EFAs are deficient in the skin, the integrity of the skin suffers. A deficiency can cause a disruption in the epidermic homeostasis which affects the barrier function of the skin. This can then lead to TEWL which can then lead to skin disorders such as dryness, scaliness, redness, dermatitis, and other signs of inflammation. Diet, age, and certain diseases like diabetes contribute to an EFA deficiency. The EFAs present in vegetable oils help restore the skin barrier and treat inflammatory disorders of the skin including dermatitis, psoriasis, and eczema. They help wounds heal and help in the prevention of wrinkles.
As mentioned earlier, linoleic acid (LA) is one of the two types of EFAs. LA, the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) is present in the epidermis. PUFAs are fatty acids with two or more carbon double bonds. They include omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids. They are very unstable and readily oxidize when exposed to oxygen and light. When tocopherols such as Vitamin E are present in a PUFA-rich vegetable oil, the oil’s lipids become more stable. Linoleic acid, an omega 6 fatty acid, is an essential fatty acid in the skin that is required for the formation and maintenance of the cutaneous barrier to water loss. If the water content of the stratum corneum (commonly caused by a breakdown or assault to the skin barrier) falls below 10% the natural functions of it are impaired and the skin becomes dry (dehydrated), scaly, and less pliable, all the signs of xerosis. The most common areas individuals experience xerosis are on the arms and legs. Linoleic acid is crucial to the proper growth and development of the epidermis. It also is required for synthesis of the important long-chain ceramides necessary to protect against dry skin. Vegetable oils rich in linoleic acid include: safflower, sunflower/not high oleic acid version, flax seed, hemp seed, wheatgerm, walnut, and sesame oil. Macadamia nut and sea buckthorn oils are all rich in palmitic acid. The other type of essential fatty acid found in vegetable oils is known as alpha-linoleic acid (ALA). It reduces inflammation when applied topically and can reduce acne.
Component 2 – Fat-soluble Vitamins: Vitamin E, or tocopherols, is a potent antioxidant found in vegetable oils. Antioxidants prevent free radicals from causing cell damage. Skin is susceptible to aging from free radicals because the free radicals damage the collagen (the main component in connective skin tissue) and elastin fibers in the skin. Tocopherols function as free radical scavengers. Vitamin E helps heal, repair, and regenerate skin. There are several types of tocopherols including alpha (α), beta (β), gamma (γ), and delta (δ) tocopherols. Vegetable oils are also a good source of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and K. As stated above, when tocopherols such as Vitamin E are present in a PUFA-rich vegetable oil, the oil’s lipids become more stable.
Component 3 – Sterols/Phytosterols: Phytosterols are components found in vegetable oils that resemble cholesterol components. Like cholesterol, phytosterols have a water-binding capacity that may help maintain a healthy skin barrier function. When phytosterols are applied topically on the skin, anti-aging benefits may occur. They not only stop the slow-down of collagen production caused by sun damage, but they can also encourage new collagen production.
Component 4 – Polyphenols/Phenolic compounds: Polyphenols are found in vegetable oils and are a large class of chemical compounds known as phenolic compounds. Whether ingested or applied topically, they provide the body with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and oxidative stress prevention. Polyphenols prevent skin damage from sunlight’s UV rays and can ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure including skin damage, erythema (redness or rash resulting from capillary congestion), and lipid peroxidation (oxidative deterioration of lipids).
Components of Opuntia ficus indica Seed Oil
Cactus pear oil was examined in a 2002 study conducted by Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan and Jorg-Thomas Morsel where total lipids were found to be 98.8g/kg dry weight. In the study it was found that the fatty acid profile of seed oil evinces the lipids as a good source of the essential linoleic acid and oleic acids, wherein the ratio of linoleic to oleic was about 3:1. Linoleic was the dominating fatty acid, followed by palmitic and oleic acid, respectively. Ramadan and Morsel suggested that the levels of total lipids may depend on fruit cultivar, degree of ripeness, and fruit processing and storage conditions. As for fat-soluble vitamins, Ramadan and Morsel found a Vitamin E level of 0.04% of total lipids in the seed oil. γ-tocopherol was the main form of Vitamin E found, followed by α-tocopherol. Vitamin A in the form of β-carotene accounted for less than 0.42g/kg in seed oil. Vitamin K1 was also present at 0.05% of total lipids. Also, hi levels of sterols were estimated for the seed oil, which made up 9.33g/kg of seed oil. β-Sitosterol was the sterol marker, which comprised 72% of the total sterol content in the seed oil. The next major component was campesterol. Stigmasterol, lanosterol, ∆5-avenasterol, and ∆7-avenasterol were also found. The study concluded that prickly pear seed oil, as well as prickly pear pulp oil is a rich source of fatty acids, fat-soluble vitamins, and sterols. Much of the research conducted in the years following this study referred back to and compared their data and results with those of Ramadan and Morsel.
Other studies also found prickly pear seed oil to be exceptionally rich in fatty acids, particularly in linoleic acid. One study measured between 61.4 – 68.9% linoleic, 12.38 – 16.51% oleic, and 11.44 – 15.89% palmitic acid. In yet another study, of the total fatty acids present in the seed oil, 70.3% consisted of linoleic, followed by 16.7% oleic. With regard to its lipid profile, Opuntia seed oil was considered exceptionally rich and comparable with grape seed oil. One other study examined and compared the seed oils of two species of prickly pear which were Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii. It found exceptional linoleic acid levels of 58.79 and 79.83%, respectively. There was also a study that tested four different colored fruits and the seed oils of each. Red, orange, yellow, and green fully ripened fruits were picked in August and then tested. The level of linoleic acid in one color of fruit did not necessarily mean relatively similar levels of other fatty acids. For example, while linoleic levels ranged from greatest to least as 63.1% for orange, 62.1% for yellow, 61.8% for green, and 58.7% for red, oleic levels ranged from greatest to least as 24.3% for red, 20.9% for yellow, 16.3% for green, and 15.2% for orange.
A 2014 study found that the prickly pear seed contained 403 mg/kg of Vitamin E mostly in the form of γ-tocopherol. Some studies considered the tocopherols in the seed oil to be capable of making the seed oil quite stable. One of these is the study mentioned above where the seed oils of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii were compared. Although the levels of γ-tocopherol found in the two seed oils were only 1.23% and 0.29% of the total lipids respectively, the study still stated, “High levels of Vitamin E, detected in the oils, may contribute to great stability toward oxidation.”
A German study focused on topical treatments containing phytosterols. The results indicated that phytosterols not only stopped the slow-down of collagen production, but they actually encouraged new collagen production. Thus, the researchers suggested that phytosterols can reverse the effects of aging and may be useful additions to anti-aging products. In the study mentioned earlier that compared the seed oils of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii, the sterolic fraction was composed of β-sitosterol 21.93% and 2.80%, campesterol 3.75% and 0.51%, stigmasterol 1.64% and 0%, and fucosterol 0% and 0.27% respectively. The sterol marker, β-sitosterol, accounted for 80.27% and 78.21% of the total sterol content in Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii seed oils. These numbers were similar to those found in the Ramadan and Morsel study.
Polyphenols are abundant in the cactus pear. The growing interest in polyphenols results from their antioxidant potential which is involved in health benefits such as the prevention of inflammation, cardiovascular dysregulation, and neurodegenerative diseases. Polyphenols are free radical scavenging and have also proven anticancer activity. All parts of the cactus plant are rich in members of the polyphenol family such as various flavonoids and phenolic acids. Prickly pear seeds contain high amounts ranging from 48 (red) to 89 (orange) mg/100 g and include feruloyl derivatives, tannins, and sinapoyl diglucoside. In the study that examined the four different colored cactus fruits, the phenolic profile of the seeds displayed a high complexity, with more than 20 compounds detected at 330 nm after liquid chromatography separation. Among them, three isomers of feruloyl-sucrose were firmly identified and so was sinapoyl-diglycoside. High correlations were found between phenolic content in the defatted seed extracts and their antioxidant activity. The seed extract of the orange fruit showed significantly higher values for all of the detected phenolic compounds. The samples presenting the highest antioxidant activities also had the highest phenolics, tannins and flavonoids content. Indeed, the seed extract of the orange fruits presented better activities, while the extract from the red one showed lower ones.
One other thing to note about prickly pear seeds is that although cactus pears carry an average of 150-300 seeds each, only a tiny amount of oil can be extracted from each seed. This, in turn, makes the cost of prickly pear seed oil extremely high. At about $2,000 per liter (approximately 34 US fluid ounces), prickly pear seed oil is the most expensive carrier oil on the market. According to Karim Anegay, who heads the cactus program at the Economic Promotion Office in Morocco, 8 tonnes of cactus pears are needed to produce just 1 liter of seed oil.
After researching the components of prickly pear seed oil, it is quite easy to see why it is gaining such popularity in the cosmetics and food industries. With large amounts of linoleic acid, Vitamin E, phytosterols, and polyphenols, prickly pear seed oil stimulates healthy cell production and turnover, provides protection, and helps skin retain moisture. These components make the oil an extremely rich and skin-nourishing oil. It soothes, hydrates, and reduces inflammation that can damage collagen, and it can prevent skin aging and wrinkles. The only disadvantage I can see is the cost to extract, press, and bottle the oil. However, after the research I conducted, I realize that prickly pear seed oil’s cost may be worth every drop.
Chougui, N.; Tamendjari, A.; Hamidj, W.; Hallal, S.; Barras, A.; Richard, T.; Larbat, R. (2013). Oil composition and and characterization of phenolic compounds of Opuntia ficus-indica seeds. Food Chemistry 139: 796-803.
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Fowler, Joseph MD, FAAD. “Understanding the Role of Natural Moisturizing Factor in Skin Hydration.” Practical Dermatology: n. pag. Web. Jul 2012.
Ghazi, Z.; Ramdani, M.; Fauconnier, M.L.; El Mahi, B.; Cheikh, R. (2013). Fatty acids Sterols and Vitamin E composition of seed oil of Opuntia Ficus Indica and Opuntia Dillenii from Morocco. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 4(6): 967-972.
Grether-Beck, S.; Mühlberg, K.; Brenden, H.; Krutmann, J. (2008) Topical application of vitamins, phytosterols and ceramides. Protection against increased expression of interstital collagenase and reduced collagen-I expression after single exposure to UVA irradiation. Hautarzt 59(7): 557-62. doi: 10.1007/s00105-008-1554-7.
Hmamou, D.B; Salghi, R.; Bazzi, L.H.; Hammouti, B.; Al-Deyab, S.; Bammou, L.; Bazzi, L.; Bouyanzer, A. (2012). Prickly Pear Seed Oil Extract: A Novel Green Inhibitor for Mild Steel Erosion in 1 M HCl Solution. International Journal of Electrochemical Science 7: 1303-1318.
Kaur, M.; Kaur, A.; Sharma, R. (2012) Pharmacological actions of Opuntia ficus indica: A Review. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 02(07): 15-18.
Labuschagne, M.T. and Hugo, A. (2010). Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Cactus Pear Seed Compared With Cotton and Grape Seed. Journal of Food Biochemistry 34: 93-100. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-4514.2009.00266.x
Moβhammer, M.R.; Stintzing, F.C.; Carle, R. (2006). Cactus Pear Fruits (Opuntia spp.): A Review of Processing Technologies and Current Uses. Journal of the Professional Association for Cactus Development: 1-25.
Pandey, K.B. and Rizvi, S.I. (2009). Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 2(5): 270-278.
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Tlili, N.; Bargougui, A.; Elfalleh, W.; Triki, S.; Nasri, N. (2011). Phenolic compounds, protein, lipid content and fatty acids compositions of cactus seeds. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(18): 4519-4524.
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Brown spots, like age spots or freckles, are small, flat areas no bigger than the tip of your finger. We treat those spots with Intense Pulse Light treatments. IPL treatments are an easy way to target the dark pigmenting cells without damaging the regular skin cells. These treatments deliver energy to darkly pigmented cells. Then those cells die and flake off. The cells without the dark pigment don’t absorb the energy.
Chemical peels can also be very effective with sunspots but sometimes require several treatments. If you choose this route, preparation is key.
Damage from UV rays can cause major changes in the skin’s appearance and structure, including thinner skin, drier skin, less elasticity, increase in wrinkles or sagging, and reduced production of collagen and elastin.
Melasma is a common skin problem that typically appears as brown or gray patches. It most commonly occurs on the face, especially on cheeks, the bridge of the nose, forehead, chin, and upper lip. However, melasma can also develop on parts of the body that receive sun exposure, including the forearms and neck. Although it is not yet clear what causes melasma, the American Academy of Dermatology suggests that sun exposure, a change in hormones, and irritating skin care products can all contribute to the development of the skin condition. Furthermore, women and people with darker skin complexions are more likely to develop melasma.
Excessive sun exposure is the most significant cause of aging skin. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun contributes to premature skin aging and skin texture changes, among other conditions:
- Coarse wrinkles, especially on the back of the neck
- Fine wrinkles caused by thinning of the skin, especially on the forearms and back of hands
- Excessive bruising from minor trauma
- Pigment changes, such as brown spots, freckles, age spots, and liver spots
- White spots on legs, arms, and the back of hands
- Red areas on the sides of the neck
- Moles – some of which can develop into skin cancer
- Pre-cancerous skin changes, including actinic keratosis
If you are experiencing the appearance of premature aging, including brown spots, dullness, discoloration, melasma, loss of radiance, age spots, and/or fine lines, the I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS lightening regimen is great to use when it comes to treating stubborn skin hyperpigmentation issues and is free of Hydroquinone and toxic preservative.
I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS products contain Vitamin C, alpha-hydroxy acid, kojic acid, salicylic acid, licorice, retinol, TCA and antioxidants to help reduce free radical damage. Depending on the severity of your skin hyperpigmentation.
The https://www.imfabulouscosmetics.com I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS line helps to restore the appearance of a bright, even complexion by clearing away dull dead skin cells, supporting vibrant skin renewal and protecting fresh new cells from UV radiation and other effects of the environment for a long-term solution to a radiant complexion.
Is the I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS brightening or lightening regimen right for your skin?
I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS skin care products are mostly fragrance-free, organic, vegan, free of paraben, silicone, toxic preservatives and hydroquinone.