- Cleanse: Wash your face twice a day with a gentle, oil-free cleanser to remove dirt, oil, and sweat.
- Exfoliate: Use a gentle exfoliant 1-2 times a week to remove dead skin cells and prevent clogged pores.
- Treat: Apply a spot treatment containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide directly on pimples.
- Moisturize: Use a lightweight, plant-based moisturizer to hydrate the skin and reduce excess oil.
- Sun protection: Apply a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher every day to protect skin from UV damage and prevent further breakouts.
- Avoid picking: Refrain from picking at pimples, as this can cause scarring and make acne worse.
FOOD TO AVOID FOR ACNE
Here are some foods that are commonly thought to trigger acne in some individuals:
- Dairy products: Milk, cheese, and other dairy products contain hormones that can increase oil production and trigger breakouts.
- High-glycemic index foods: Foods that raise blood sugar quickly, such as white bread, pasta, and sweets, have been linked to acne in some people.
- Processed foods: Processed foods are often high in sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats, which can contribute to inflammation and make acne worse.
- Fried foods: Fried foods are high in unhealthy oils that can clog pores and trigger breakouts.
- Chocolate: Some studies have found a link between chocolate consumption and increased acne.
Also, note that not everyone with acne will have food triggers, and the best way to determine your personal triggers is to keep a food diary and track how different foods affect your skin. If you suspect a certain food is triggering your acne, it’s best to avoid it for a few weeks to see if there is improvement.
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF ACNE
Acne is caused by a combination of factors, including:
- Hormonal changes: Androgens, hormones that increase in adolescence, cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil, which can lead to clogged pores and breakouts.
- Genetics: Some people may be more prone to developing acne due to their genes.
- Bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a type of bacteria that can contribute to acne by triggering inflammation in the hair follicles.
- Clogged pores: Dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria can clog pores and lead to the development of pimples and blackheads.
- Certain medications: Some medications, such as corticosteroids and androgens, can increase the production of oil and lead to acne.
- Diet: A diet high in processed foods and sugar has been linked to increased inflammation in the body, which can contribute to acne.
- Stress: Stress can affect hormones and trigger inflammation, making acne worse.
It’s important to note that not all acne is the same, and the cause of acne may vary from person to person. It’s best to consult a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.
Be consistent with your skincare routine and to be patient, as it can take several weeks to see improvement. If your acne persists, it’s best to consult a dermatologist for personalized recommendations and treatment options.