Hyperpigmentation: Sun Spots, Acne Marks, Freckling, Melasma

Hormonal influences are the main cause of a particular kind of hyperpigmentation known as melasma or chloasma. It’s particularly common among women and is thought to occur when the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone stimulate the overproduction of melanin when the skin is exposed to the sun.

Melasma occurs as a brown to brown-gray patches typically on the face but may also occur on the forearms and chest. The distribution is often symmetric and occurs primarily in pubertal girls and women although adolescent boys may also be affected. While melasma is usually idiopathic, it can be associated with pregnancy or the ingestion of oral contraceptives. Lesions tend to increase in size and degree of hyperpigmentation after sun exposure.

Pigmentation often wanes after pregnancy or discontinuation of oral contraceptives. However, treatment with potent topical sunscreens, bleaching agents (hydroquinone) or pigmented-lesion lasers may be helpful.

Melasma or chloasma spots are similar in appearance to age spots but are larger areas of darkened skin that appear most often as a result of hormonal changes. Pregnancy, for example, can trigger overproduction of melanin that causes the “mask of pregnancy” on the face and darkened skin on the abdomen and other areas. Women who take birth control pills may also develop hyperpigmentation because their bodies undergo similar kind of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. If one is really bothered by the pigment, the birth control pills should be stopped.

Changes in skin color can result from outside causes. For example, skin diseases such as acne may leave dark spots after the condition clears. Other causes of dark spots are injuries to the skin, including some surgeries. Freckles are small brown spots that can appear anywhere on the body, but are most common on the face and arms. Freckles are an inherited characteristic.

Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the Sun‘s photosphere that appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas. They are regions of reduced surface temperature caused by concentrations of magnetic field flux that inhibit convection.

White spots on skin tend to show up on the sun-exposed areas of the arms and legs. They differ from brown spots not only in color, but also in why they form. Brown spots are due to excess pigmentation, but white spots occur when skin’spigment is destroyed from years of sun exposure.

Freckles, age spots, and other darkened skin patches can become darker or more pronounced when the skin is exposed to the sun. This happens because melanin absorbs the energy of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays in order to protect the skin from overexposure. The usual result of this process is skin tanning, which tends to darken areas that are already hyperpigmented. Wearing a sunscreen is a must. The sunscreen must be “broad spectrum” (i.e. it blocks both UVA and UVB). A single day of excess sun can undo months of treatment.

Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body.

If your body makes too much melanin, your skin gets darker. Pregnancy, Addison’s disease, and sun exposure all can make your skin darker. If your body makes too little melanin, your skin gets lighter. Vitiligo is a condition that causes patches of light skin. Albinism is a genetic condition affecting a person’s skin. A person with albinism may have no color, lighter than normal skin color, or patchy missing skin color. Infections, blisters, and burns can also cause lighter skin.

Treatments are commonly used to minimize acne scars and hyperpigmentation, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and correct sun damage issues such as age spots. Foremost, what differentiates skin peels and laser treatments is the procedure itself. … There are two types of lasers: ablative and non-ablative.

It is better to stay away from Hydroquinone and use plant-based skincare instead. The Super white bio serum a plant-based serum is a great alternative to hydroquinone. This organic serum can be used morning and night. The Gorgeous peel, a skin peel with TCA (a relative of vinegar (acetic acid.) When TCA is applied to the skin, it causes the top layers of cells to dry up and peel off over a period of several days to one week.) and multi-acid great to even out the complexion and keep the skin without dead skin cells so that when you apply the lightening serum, it will penetrate the skin better and deeper.