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hyperpigmentation

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Sun Spots

Brown spots, like age spots or freckles, are small, flat areas no bigger than the tip of your finger. We treat those spots with Intense Pulse Light treatments. IPL treatments are an easy way to target the dark pigmenting cells without damaging the regular skin cells. These treatments deliver energy to darkly pigmented cells. Then those cells die and flake off. The cells without the dark pigment don’t absorb the energy.

Chemical peels can also be very effective with sunspots but sometimes require several treatments. If you choose this route, preparation is key.

Damage from UV rays can cause major changes in the skin’s appearance and structure, including thinner skin, drier skin, less elasticity, increase in wrinkles or sagging, and reduced production of collagen and elastin.

Melasma

Melasma is a common skin problem that typically appears as brown or gray patches. It most commonly occurs on the face, especially on cheeks, the bridge of the nose, forehead, chin, and upper lip. However, melasma can also develop on parts of the body that receive sun exposure, including the forearms and neck. Although it is not yet clear what causes melasma, the American Academy of Dermatology suggests that sun exposure, a change in hormones, and irritating skin care products can all contribute to the development of the skin condition. Furthermore, women and people with darker skin complexions are more likely to develop melasma.

Sun Damage

Excessive sun exposure is the most significant cause of aging skin. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun contributes to premature skin aging and skin texture changes, among other conditions:

  • Coarse wrinkles, especially on the back of the neck
  • Fine wrinkles caused by thinning of the skin, especially on the forearms and back of hands
  • Excessive bruising from minor trauma
  • Pigment changes, such as brown spots, freckles, age spots, and liver spots
  • White spots on legs, arms, and the back of hands
  • Red areas on the sides of the neck
  • Moles – some of which can develop into skin cancer
  • Pre-cancerous skin changes, including actinic keratosis

Your Options

If you are experiencing the appearance of premature aging, including brown spots, dullness, discoloration, melasma, loss of radiance, age spots, and/or fine lines, the I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS lightening regimen is great to use when it comes to treating stubborn skin hyperpigmentation issues and is free of Hydroquinone and toxic preservative.

I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS products contain Vitamin C, alpha-hydroxy acid, kojic acid, salicylic acid, licorice, retinol, TCA and antioxidants to help reduce free radical damage. Depending on the severity of your skin hyperpigmentation.

The https://www.imfabulouscosmetics.com I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS line helps to restore the appearance of a bright, even complexion by clearing away dull dead skin cells, supporting vibrant skin renewal and protecting fresh new cells from UV radiation and other effects of the environment for a long-term solution to a radiant complexion.

Is the I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS brightening or lightening regimen right for your skin?

I’M FABULOUS COSMETICS skin care products are mostly fragrance-free, organic, vegan, free of paraben, silicone, toxic preservatives and hydroquinone.

 Hydroquinone is been banned in Japan, the European Union, and Australia

Why?

Photosensitivity

Hydroquinone topical solutions can make skin more sensitive to sunlight (photosensitivity). People using these preparations should avoid exposure to sunlamps and tanning beds and wear protective clothing and sunscreen when in sunlight. Exposure to ultraviolet light can cause severe sunburn when using hydroquinone. Applying hydroquinone to skin that is sunburned, windburned, chapped or irritated can worsen these conditions.

Carcinogenic Properties

Rodent studies involving very high doses of hydroquinone administered by feeding tube showed the potential to cause cancer, according to the FDA report on hydroquinone skin bleaching products. No carcinogenic properties have been associated with topical or oral hydroquinone use in humans.

Allergic Reaction

Although unlikely, some people may experience an allergic reaction to hydroquinone. Signs, as listed by Drugs.com, include severe burning or stinging sensations, hives, breathing trouble, and facial, throat or mouth swelling. An allergic reaction to hydroquinone should be considered a medical emergency.

Toxicity

When taken orally in large amounts, as in uva ursi, hydroquinone is toxic, states Drugs.com. It may cause ringing of the ears, nausea, seizures and bluish skin due to insufficient oxygen in the blood (cyanosis). Large amounts of oral hydroquinone also can cause liver damage. The University of Maryland Medical Center recommends taking uva ursi for no longer than five days and no more than five separate times in a year.

There is another great alternative to hydroquinone with organic plant-based ingredients.

Alternative

We love the Super White Bio-Serum, Fast Action Skin Brightening And Lightning, organic, vegan and kosher.

Created with the top whitening safe, natural actives ingredients.

I’m Fabulous® Super white bio serum, in fact, penetrate fully into the dermal layer, and natural skin brighteners that have been clinically proven to be more effective than hydroquinone restore damaged cells to their more youthful integrity for a younger more even-toned complexion. Safe for daily use and for pregnant women.

A super fast, intensive, and safe approach to skin brightening and lightening.  Formulated to penetrate deep into the skin to lighten skin discoloration and pigmentation problems. Skin tone balancer brightens skin, evens out skin tone, Helps to lighten dark spots left over from acne.  Progressively and uniformly moisturize, brighten and condition your skin.  An exceptional leave-on AHA product that enhances the penetration of the Brightening Creme (rapid results) as well as promotes an evening of the complexion.

A flawless skin remains only a dream, given our hectic lifestyle. Many other factors like pollution, harmful UV rays from the sun, stress, and improper diet can damage your skin further and give you an imbalanced skin tone.

The skin becomes dull and pigmented mainly due to the accumulation of dead skin cells and damage from pollutants and harmful UV rays.

Hydroquinone and famous skin lightener but banned in many countries. Many of the cosmetic products available in the market these days contain harmful chemicals and additives that cause additional damage to your skin instead of making it healthy and glowing.

I’m Fabulous Cosmetics organic Super white bio serum was created with the top whitening safe, natural actives ingredients.

I’m Fabulous® Super white bio serum, in fact, penetrate fully into the dermal layer, and natural skin brighteners that have been clinically proven to be more effective than hydroquinone restore damaged cells to their more youthful integrity for a younger more even-toned complexion. Safe for daily use and for pregnant women.

A super fast, intensive, and safe approach to skin brightening and lightening.  Formulated to penetrate deep into the skin to lighten skin discoloration and pigmentation problems. Skin tone balancer brightens skin, evens out skin tone, Helps to lighten dark spots left over from acne.  Progressively and uniformly moisturize, brighten and condition your skin.  An exceptional leave-on AHA product that enhances the penetration of the Brightening Creme (rapid results) as well as promotes an evening of the complexion.

 

This lightening serum is designed for the face but many customers use our treatment products on their face, neck, décolleté and hands, too.

How to use: Apply twice a day for best results. Apply on face and neck.

Ingredients: Organic Herbal Infusion, Organic Aloe Barbadensis Leaf (Aloe), Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel), Cassia Angustifolia Seed Polysaccharide (plant based hyaluronic acid), Kosher Vegetabel Glycerin, Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), Wildcrafted Ganoderma Lucidum (Kojic Acid/Reishi), GigaWhite, Glycolic Acid, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose, Carrageenan Gum, Wildcrafted Salix Lucida (Willow Bark/Salicylic Acid), Organic Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice), Wildcrafted Melissa Officinalis (Lemon Balm), Wildcrafted Panax Ginseng (Chinese Ginseng), Plant Stem Cells, Organic Pimpinella Anisum (Anise), Organic Armoracia Rusticana (Horseradish), Organic Schisandra Chinensis (Schisandra), Organic Joeniculum Vulgare (Fennel), Melissa Officinalis (Melissa Essential Oil), Organic Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba Oil), Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Sodium Benzoate, Potassium Sorbate, Ethyl Hexyl Glyceril, Leucidal (radish root ferment).

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That’s because the sun gives off ultraviolet (UV) light that damages your skin and causes sunburn. Over time, these rays can lead to wrinkles, dark spots, and other problem areas. The result: You can add years to your looks. Research shows that UV exposure is the reason behind 80% of your skin’s aging.

To protect itself from the damaging effects of the sun, your skin increases its production of the dark brown pigment called melanin. The extra melanin makes your skin look darker or sun-tanned. In some cases, the sun causes an uneven increase in melanin production, which produces irregular coloring (pigmentation) of the skin. The sun can also cause a permanent stretching of small blood vessels, giving your skin a mottled, reddish appearance.

IMG_0561

Melanin is the dark brown pigment in the top layer of skin (epidermis) that gives skin its color.

This pigment protects the deeper layers of skin from sun damage. The more melanin in the skin, the darker the skin appears and the more protection it has against sun damage.

People with medium or dark complexions naturally have more protection than do people with lighter complexions. But they still can experience sun damage. This man’s face shows signs of sun damage — increased areas of irregular pigmentation and wrinkles.

Ultraviolet radiation breaks down the skin’s connective tissue — collagen and elastin fibers — that lies in the deeper layer of skin (dermis). Without the supportive connective tissue, the skin loses its strength and flexibility. This condition, known as solar elastosis (e-las-TOE-sis), is characterized by vertical creases, deep wrinkles, and loose or sagging skin.

Melasma

Also referred to as “mask of pregnancy,” melasma (muh-LAZ-muh) is a brown darkening of facial skin. Melasma likely occurs from a combination of factors, including exposure to sunlight and an increase in the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Melasma often affects women who:

  • Have dark skin
  • Take oral contraceptives or hormone therapy
  • Are pregnant

The dark patches usually occur on the cheeks and forehead. Melasma usually fades during winter months in northern latitudes but returns in spring. It also tends to fade after pregnancy or when you stop taking oral contraceptives or hormone therapy.

Lentigo maligna

Lentigo maligna is a type of growth that develops in areas of long-term sun exposure, such as your face, hands or legs. Lentigo maligna starts as a dark flat spot that slowly darkens and enlarges. Eventually the spot may develop into a melanoma, a type of skin cancer that begins in the top layer of skin and then invades the underlying skin layer. See your doctor if you notice a:

  • New skin growth
  • Bothersome change in your skin
  • Change in the appearance or texture of a mole
  • Sore that doesn’t heal or a bruise that fades and returns

Photoprotection. Vitamin C limits the damage induced by ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. Vitamin C is not a “sunscreen” because it does not absorb light in the UVA or UVB spectrum. Rather, the antioxidant activity of vitamin C protects against UV-induced damage caused by free radicals.

When the skin endures ultraviolet ray exposure from the sun, burning and cell damage occurs. The skin attempts to repair by releasing melanin, the chemical that produces skin bronzing. Skin cells undergo DNA repair but depending on the severity of the sun damage, new cells may have alterations in coloration or texture. Irreparable DNA damage may lead to the abnormal cell reproduction commonly associated with skin cancer.

NIACIN (VITAMIN B3): THE SCIENCE OF REPAIRING DAMAGED SKIN

Laboratory studies indicate that Vitamin B3, also known as niacin, niacinamide or nicotinic acid, stimulates and ensures healthy DNA repair while increasing the rate of cellular reproduction. The vitamin also decreases the amount of healing time, interferes with melanin production and release. The result of applying B3 containing products includes the development of healthier, younger-looking skin.

niacinamide-b3-serum-organic-2

Scientists found that these regenerative properties do not only aid in the healing of sun damaged skin. By directly encouraging skin cell reproduction, Vitamin B3 deters the effects that accompany the natural aging process because cellular reproduction decreases with age.

The vitamin also enhances general skin appearance by encouraging lipid production, which acts as a protective barrier that retains moisture beneath the skin. Besides providing a better general appearance, properly hydrated skin becomes less susceptible to damage or irritation. Further investigation of Vitamin B3 also suggests that the vitamin acts as a natural exfoliant by encouraging the removal of accumulated dead skin cells that affect skin color and texture.

We love the following products for sun damage and skin lightening without the harmful Hydroquinone:

FACE

BODY

TCA PEEL, GORGEOUS PEEL, TCA Chemical Peel For Home Use Treats Lines, Sun Damage And Scaring. No Downtime.

Gorgeous Peel TM            

DISCOLORATION LIFTING, SKIN PLUMPING & POWERFUL WRINKLE CORRECTION

Incredible New Technology Facial Peel

The strength of this peel is between 10 and 19%, pH 2.0

This fabulous TCA chemical peel, it is safe for all skin type and will give you amazing results!

  • No need to get off of work.
  • No downtime at all!
  • Apply makeup after the peel
  • No oozing weeping blistered skin!
  • For all skin types!

I’m Fabulous Cosmetics Gorgeous Peel have been proven to:

  • Improve the texture and appearance of skin
  • Reduce lines and wrinkles under the eyes and mouth area
  • Pose as anti-aging and sun damage treatment of wrinkles
  • Treat acne scars
  • Proven acne treatment
  • Reduce age spots, freckles and dark spots from pregnancy also known as a condition called melasma.

Great for all skin type and will provide a lot of exfoliation!!!

DID YOU KNOW:

There are many skin peels out there…. Jessner, Lactic, Glycolic, Phenol, TCA, etc…

The TCA peel is a peel that penetrates deeper into the skin without irritation….Doing a perfect TCA PEEL requires that you use the LEAST STRENGTH needed to abrade the stratum corneum layer. This is a percentage over 10% and under 20. TCA over this strength will cause the skin to frost or turn white (similar to a light broiler burn).

The Gorgeous Peel from I’m Fabulous ® has a proven theory of abrading just enough of the stratum corneum to cause the skin to send valuable protein to the surface. When you frost the skin too deeply, your body goes into wound repair mode where it creates antibodies, scar tissue, melanin and other secretions, which may easily cause the skin to age faster!

TCA-GORGEOUS-PEEL-5

Melanin is produced when you tan, and when you are wounded and when you have surges of progesterone (hormonal hyperpigmentation). When you go too deep into the epidermis or subcutis layers by using high doses of a caustic chemical, your skin produces healing protein to bandage the chemical peel. This is not the correct way to do a peel.

Due to the intense mix of active ingredients, it will cause a very fast drying and drawing of the topmost .01 micron. In most cases, this will peel almost instantly or within 24 hours.

The Gorgeous peel tends to be a rather rapid exfoliation and one that you can expedite by compressing a warm cloth or even using your ring finger to roll the dead skin off.

Questions:

Will the treatment help to remove my pregnancy masque?

Yes. However, you will probably need to do more than one Peel treatment.

Will the treatment help to remove my freckles?

The treatment will not remove freckles that you were born with. However, it will help in the removal of freckles caused by sun damage, pregnancy mask, and aging.

I have severe acne; will the treatment help my condition?

The treatment will help to treat the problems left once the acne has been properly treated under the guidance of your doctor or dermatologist. Such problems can range from, the marks left by acne, uneven skin tone, rough thickened skin, and hyper-pigmentation.

My acne scarring (pitted) is extremely slight; will the treatment help remove it?

The Gorgeous Peel treatment will only penetrate as deep as the epidermal (outer) layers of skin. It will never penetrate into the dermis (bottom) layer of skin. Therefore, if you are treating pitted acne scarring (as light as they may be) then the treatment will not be able to remove these marks totally as they generally tend to be deep in the bottom (dermis) layer of skin. It will however, help to make these scars less noticeable than they were before you did the treatment.

Will the Gorgeous Peel remove my pitted acne scarring?

If you are treating acne scarring in the form of darkened or reddened marks then the Gorgeous Peel treatment will help to remove these marks. The Gorgeous Peel treatment will only penetrate as deep as the epidermal (outer) layers of skin. It will never penetrate into the dermis (bottom) layer of skin. Therefore, if you are treating pitted acne scarring then the treatment will not be able to remove these marks totally as they generally tend to be deep in the bottom (dermis) layer of skin. It will, however, help to make these scars less noticeable than they were before you did the treatment. An ideal candidate for one of our treatments is someone who is looking for improvement rather than perfection.

Can I apply Makeup after the Gorgeous Peel?

Yes but preferably mineral makeup because you do not want to apply anything cream or moisturizing.

Is the Gorgeous peel good for all skin types?

Yes, dark skin and all skin types

I’m Fabulous skin care theory is to PEEL more than you HEAL!!!

The second benefit of facial resurfacing that is done CORRECTLY is the SURGE of collagen and elastin that occurs post peel.

The trick behind an awesome peel is to FOOL the skin into secreting a TON of natural collagen and elastin to the affected area. BUT! If you DO burn your skin, using high doses (some are very unrepeatable), then ALL of that natural protein becomes WOUND REPAIR and it will have NO benefit to your new skin growth, for it is used up on trying to HEAL the skin that is in trauma.

The concept of resurfacing is LOST on this type of peel because the skin spends MORE TIME HEALING than it does peeling.

A peel done correctly is a proven theory of abrading just enough of the stratum corneum to cause the skin to send valuable protein to the surface. When you FROST the skin too deeply, your body goes into WOUND REPAIR MODE where it creates antibodies, scar tissue, melanin and other secretions, which MAY easily cause the skin to age faster! Melanin is produced when you tan, and when you are wounded and when you have surges of progesterone (hormonal hyperpigmentation). When you go too deep into the epidermis or subcutis layers by using high doses of a caustic chemical, your skin produces HEALING PROTEIN to bandage the chemical peel.

The concept of resurfacing the epidermis (face) has been around for many years. 20 years ago, plastic surgeons were doing WIRE DERMABRASION techniques that removed the stratum corneum and about 10-20 full micron of skin. The healing process was devastating for most patients. They suffered from hyper (dark) and hypo (white) pigmentation and an uneven skin surface.

In the last 20 years and have perfected the technique of LASER RESURFACING.

However it is STILL both expensive and has a 4-month healing process.

Most people cannot GO 4 months without working or being seen in public.

The concept of resurfacing the skin using A MILDER technique of facial resurfacing is one that is beneficial in TWO very specific ways. By abrading (killing and removing) small amounts of skin, about .01-.03 micron per treatment, you will expose SMOOTHER skin after just ONE result.

I’m Fabulous has developed the “Gorgeous peel” it is like a slow laser resurfacing treatment, one that even with my microdermabrader, I could NEVER MATCH because, at one sitting, I’m taking off .01 micron, whereas the skincare products are a slow transdermal delivery removing a safe .03 micron per 4-6 days. Since it is ongoing, the new skin cell turnover is so RAPID; the anti-aging benefits are HUGE. This rapid turnover triggers a wound repair reaction, so the skin floods the epidermis/stratum with COLLAGEN / ELASTIN-DNA REPAIR. And since there is no wound, or fire to extinguish, these proteins simply begin repairing and rebuilding cells on their own. It’s TRULY rapid age reversal.

Is there any discomfort?  The application will sting until it has acclimated to the skins natural PH level. Although salt can shut this product down it is not recommended that you stop the peel before it has finished. I recommend having a cold wet cloth at the ready to hold and press onto the skin for comfort sake.

Is there any ‘down time’ that I should be prepared for? No downtime, you can apply mineral makeup only, if needed after the peel. You will feel your skintight for about 48 hours after the peel then your skin will peel off gently. You can redo the peel anytime, and you can even do 2 or 3 layers, meaning you apply it 2 or 3 times on your face then start looking at the clock to start the 3 minutes, then rinse off.

Seriously, how will I look? You will look fine! No worse than managing a peeling suntan!

Can I do a little test spot first? Yes! I insist that you do! In fact personally, I never do a full-face peel. I do my lower nasal folds and chin on one treatment and then forehead on a second week. There is no special formula of application that you have to follow.

How many peels will I get in this 1 oz. bottle? You will be able to do more than 100 applications with just 1 oz.

I’m Fabulous Cosmetics BIO-IDENTICAL PROTEIN SERUM or I’m Fabulous RETINOL 2.5% CREAM is highly recommended for post peel start applying on day #3 post peel.

The key to flawless skin is RAPID EXFOLIATION followed by INFUSION OF PROTEIN (hyaluronic protein).

Buyer and user must wear a Sunblock after the peel for several months.

You are NOT a good candidate for a chemical peel if any of the following apply at the peel site:

  • Infection or disease
  • Cut or broken skin
  • Sunburn
  • Currently, have an active Herpes simplex 1 sore
  • If you are nursing or pregnant
  • If you have taken Accutane in last 6 months
  • If you currently have Psoriasis, Eczema, Dermatitis or Rosacea.You are not a suitable candidate if you have used any of the following drugs in the last 48 hours: Retin-A, Renova, Prescription skin care products, Products that contain ascorbic acid, bleaching or skin-lightening agents, other acid products.

This peel is not recommended for patients with: the inflammatory process in the area to be treated, re-occurring herpes infections, pregnancy (confirmed or suspected), sun-related activities, and mental problems.

AGREEMENT:  You agree to indemnify and hold harmless I’m Fabulous Cosmetics, Inc;

Buyer and user must wear a Sunblock after the peel for several months.

Direction on how to use included with the peel.

 

Directions:

#1. Clean your skin very well with soap and water. Then if you have oily skin, degrease it with alcohol first.

Then, Using a square cotton pad:

Apply the Gorgeous peel to your face for 4 minutes then rinse well with soap and water.

Get a cold wet washcloth with soap and water at the ready.

Apply it quickly and don’t linger.

Avoid eyes and lips.

As more coats are applied, the peel will get deeper, as the solution goes looking for protein to neutralize itself. 

Do not apply anything on your face for 4 days. You can use mineral makeup immediately after the peel if needed. But no ointment, creams or serums. Remember you want to peel.

You can go back to your regular activities like going to the gym, to work, take showers go swimming, etc.

If you go in the sun, sunscreen SPF 30 is required.

When your skin starts peeling apply warm cloth on the area to accelerate peeling and scrub with a small towel.

It usually take 4 days for your skin to flake of or peel off.

#3. On day #2, Apply the BIO IDENTICAL HYALURONIC ACID (for proteins infusion) in warm compress (using a warm towel), for 20 minutes, daily or as needed and the or the RETINOL 2.5% CREAM twice a day.

#4. After day #4 of the peel, start using the Vitamin C Super Serum each morning before your makeup, it will clear and lighten your complexion.

You can redo the peel any time you feel you need more and you can also do multiple layers, just remember the more you do it the more you will peel off.

DO NOT USE ANY CREAMS OR SERUMS after the peel, until your skin flakes or peel off. Wait about 5 days to apply the Hyaluronic acid serum. 

Sun Alert: Because this product may make your skin more sensitive to the sun, be certain you have adequate sunscreen protection while using this product and for a week after you discontinue use.

For external use only. Not for ophthalmic or oral use. If you currently use any prescriptions or medications for your skin or face please notify your doctor before using. For any concerns about these precautions, please refer to a registered physician or skin care specialist.

Do not use if

  • you currently take Accutane (isotretinoin) or have within the past 6 months
  • you are pregnant or lactating
  • have a tendency to keloid (scar)
  • have herpes simplex (sexually transmitted disease)
  • you are HIV positive or have AIDs
  • undergoing chemotherapy or radiation
  • you do not fully understand the procedure and are not willing to accept the risk and limitations involved in the healing process
  • you are not realistic in expectations

When using this product

  • do not apply to other areas in which you have used hair removal products in the last 2 days
  • avoid contact with eyes. In case of accidental contact, rinse eyes with large amounts of cool tap water
  • do not apply to sensitive skin areas or open wounds
  • the results for each person will vary depending on skin sensitivity, contact time, number of layers, and skin density
  • applying the peel more than once per week will increase the risk of skin sensitivity
  • do not tan 1 week prior and 2 weeks after treatment as this can potentially cause unwanted skin discoloration, excessive redness, or rash
  • you will experience a stinging or tingling sensation. If excessive stinging or discomfort occurs, neutralize the peel by flushing the skin with cool water.
  • redness may occur for a short period of time, especially for those with sensitive skin types. If redness persists longer than 20-30 minutes, decrease the contact time of the peel or discontinue use.
  • not every person will experience visible peeling, this does not mean the peel is not working. You will see improved marks in texture, tone, and overall appearance of the skin.

 

 

 

 

 

What is melasma?

Melasma, also called ‘chloasma’, is a common skin condition of adults in which light to dark brown or greyish pigmentation develops, mainly on the face. The name comes from melas, the Greek word for black. Although it can affect both genders and any race, it is more common in women and people with darker skin-types who live in sunny climates. Melasma usually becomes more noticeable in the summer and improves during the winter months. It is not an infection, it is not contagious and it is not due to an allergy. Also, it is not cancerous and will not change into skin cancer.

What does melasma look like?

Melasma is simply darker-than-normal skin affecting the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose and chin, usually in a symmetrical manner. It may be limited to the cheeks and nose or just occur overlying the jaw. The neck and, rarely, the forearms can also be affected. Areas of melasma are not raised.

WHAT CAUSES MELASMA?

The cause of melasma is complex. The pigmentation is due to overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells, melanocytes, which is taken up by the keratinocytes (epidermal melanosis) and/or deposited in the dermis (dermal melanosis, melanophages). There is a genetic predisposition to melasma, with at least one-third of patients reporting other family members to be affected. In most people, melasma is a chronic disorder.

Known triggers for melasma include:

  • Sun exposure and sun damage—this is the most important avoidable risk factor
  • Pregnancy—in affected women, the pigment often fades a few months after delivery
  • Hormone treatments—oral contraceptive pills containing estrogen and/or progesterone, hormone replacement, intrauterine devices and implants are a factor in about a quarter of affected women
  • Certain medications (including new targeted therapies for cancer), scented or deodorant soaps, toiletries, and cosmetics—these may cause a phototoxic reaction that triggers melasma, which may then persist long-term
  • Hypothyroidism (low levels of circulating thyroid hormone)

Melasma commonly arises in healthy, non-pregnant adults. Lifelong sun exposure causes deposition of pigment within the dermis and this often persists long-term.

Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) deepens the pigmentation because it activates the melanocytes to produce more melanin.

Research is attempting to pinpoint the roles of stem cell, neural, vascular and local hormonal factors in promoting melanocyte activation.

We love these products to help with Melasma, dark pigmentation, pregnancy mask and dark spots from sun damage.

SUPER WHITE BIO SERUM

SUPER WHITENING BOTULINUM FACE LIFTING PRIMER

TCA TONER

TCA CLEANSER

TCA PEEL GORGEOUS PEEL