The Maqui berry grows wild on small evergreen trees throughout the Patagonia region of southern Chile. It is purported to have a lot of amazing health and nutritional benefits.
Photo credit: Mickael Gresset
Here are some of the reported benefits of the Maqui berry:
The Maqui berry contains high levels of polyphenols, anthocyanins, quercetin, flavonoids, along with omega fatty acids, iron, calcium, vitamin C and potassium making it a very highly nutritious, high antioxidant fruit that can help to improve the immune system. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against the effects of free radicals. Free radicals are molecules that are formed when your body breaks down food and is responsible for aging and tissue damage. Thus by reducing the number of free radicals in the body, it is believed that this will lower the risk of cancer, heart disease, and memory loss. The high antioxidant activity of the Maqui berry may also help to prevent the oxidation of the bad LDL cholesterol in the blood, thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and stroke.
The high levels of anthocyanins in the Maqui berry also exhibit powerful anti-inflammatory properties that may help to reduce the amount of inflammation in bones and joints and reduce the onset of degenerative inflammation diseases. The Maqui berry’s anthocyanins contain a very high amount of delphinidins. Delphinidins is what gives the Maqui berry it’s rich deep purple color.
Delphinidins acts as a potent anti-inflammatory and has antiangiogenic properties. Antiangiogenic properties is used to stop the growth of tumors and the progression of cancers by limiting the formation of new blood vessels. Studies are being conducted to see whether delphinidins may be effective in inhibiting the growth of prostate and colon cancer cells.
Consuming the Maqui berry may cause a significant increase in the release of insulin in the body, which in turn helps to lower the circulating amount of glucose in the bloodstream and prevent the formation of new fat cells.
To show that the Maqui berry may be the new superfood, ponder this fact: the Acai berries contain ten times more antioxidant vitamins than grapes and twice as many as blueberries. The Maqui berry is reported to have an antioxidant level 4 to 30 times higher than the average Acai berry.
The Maqui berries currently contain the highest antioxidant value of any known superfruit.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics New Wild Berry Honey cleanse, Masque, exfoliant. A beautiful pudding like gentle cleanses concentrated in skin loving nutrients that wash off leaving your skin incredibly soft and Radiant! Wildcrafted with Wild Maqui Berry antioxidant superfood, enzyme-rich organic wildflower honey, organic pollen rich in vitamins, Camellia oil, French clay, Wild harvested Native Hibiscus petals gently exfoliate. SO AMAZING!
Dermaplaning is a favorite in the entertainment industry, specifically among models and actresses.
Why? It also eliminates that annoying peach fuzz that cakes up in makeup and can be enhanced by harsh production lighting and high-definition cameras. “Dermaplaning removes all the dead skin cells and also the facial hair, leaving the surface very smooth,” explains Wright.
Dermaplaning also allows for greater penetration of skincare products and creates a flawless canvas for makeup to glide on smoothly. In fact, cosmetic dermatologists often use dermaplaning to help prepare skin for more intrusive procedures such as laser treatments and chemical peels.
They are both forms of physical exfoliation, but the methods are very different. Microdermabrasion sands and suctions dead skin cells, which also helps to uproot clogged pores around the nose, mouth, and chin.
Dermaplaning safely scrapes off the top layer of skin, so it is well suited for drier skin types and anyone who wants to get rid of peach fuzz. But, keep in mind, both methods are good for almost everyone and it could just boil down to your personal preference. Made with a very sensitive blade for precision and to remove all dead skin fast and easier.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics dermaplaning tool removes dead skin and peach fuzz
Creates a smoother, more even complexion
Softens fine lines
Makeup applies more smoothly
Removes dead skin and debris
Increases product penetration
How to use:
CLEANSE: Cleanse and dry skin thoroughly.
RESURFACE: Beginning at the top of the cheekbone near the hairline, hold your skin taut and gently glide the dermaplaning tool towards the nose using short strokes. Continue until you have resurfaced the entire cheek and jaw. Repeat light strokes on the chin, above the lips, and on the forehead. Do not use on eyelids, eyebrows, hairlines, sides of nose, or lips. DO NOT go to any facial area more than once
Use this dermaplaning at home razor only as intended and follow all instructions
Fabulous velvety, hydrating, and natural with a satin finish. Gives great coverage without a heavy makeup look. Supernatural looking. Smooth out wrinkles and fine lines.
100% natural and Vegan!
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics Bio Mineral Foundation is 100% natural and super beneficial to the skin!
Free of Titanium Dioxide, Dimethicone, Talc, Mica Frosts and Bismuth Oxychloride. Those ‘fillers’ tend to really dry out and irritate skin. They fill and permanently stretch the walls of pores, and slowly suffocate the skin.
Non-nano Zinc Oxide SPF not only protect skin cells from being broken down by damaging solar rays but also work as an anti-inflammatory agent to help moisturize and trap hydration in the skin.
SACRED CLAY or Pyrophyllite. Sacred clay is an incredible detoxifying agent and, due to its small particle size and expansive mineral content, it is said to be the strongest detoxifying agent of all the clays. Containing silica and nearly 10% electrolyte content, Sacred Clay is packed with free ions. These ions function as antioxidants that scavenge and absorb harmful free radicals. They also help to detoxify the mouth and gum tissues while delivering nutrients where they’re most needed. Sacred Clay can be taken both internally and externally to draw impurities from the body and blood. This special pyrophyllite clay is 100% naturally occurring from a single deposit near the region of Crater Lake Oregon.
CANADIAN GLACIAL CLAY is superior to other clays, it is also the only kind of clay desirable and recommended for ingestion. It feels great going on, improving the circulation, detoxifying, exfoliating away dead skin cells while it tightens up wrinkles, leaving the skin feeling soft, smooth and super alive.
CHAGA contains MELANIN which gives us healthy skin, absorbs UV rays, and convert UV into Vitamin D in our bodies. BETULINIC ACID is being studied for use as a chemotherapy agent to reduce tumors without any side effects or causing damage to healthy cells.
PURPLE CARROT ROOT has the vitamin A and beta-carotene of ordinary carrots—evident in its orange center—it’s also rich in anthocyanins.
PURSLANE FLOWER is known as the edible plant that heals a wide variety of external and internal ailments. It contains two times higher levels of antioxidants than cranberries and grape seed extract.
SEA BUCKTHORN FRUIT helps reverse negative effects of sun radiation, reduce skin irritation and inflammation, combat skin aging effects, prevents the development of sunburn.
WHOLE COFFEE FRUIT delivers superb anti-aging benefits including a visible reduction in fine lines and wrinkles and a dramatic reduction and evening of irregular skin tones.
TITANIUM DIOXIDE FREE so that the color is true, not pastel, and in photography, there is no ‘white face’ effect.
MICA FREE to avoid any irritation from micro cuts in the skin, so that fine lines are not illuminated by the mica frost, and to avoid the shiny look.
Active Ingredient: 12% Non Nano, Uncoated, Micronized Zinc Oxide
Does your Foundation contain any Preservatives?
Absolutely not, our foundations are protected with Leucidal preservative. Leucidal is a natural extract derived from radishes that have been fermented with Leuconostoc Kimchii (the lacticSummer acid bacteria that is traditionally used to make Kimchi). Leucidal liquid is approved by ECOCERT as a preservative in certified organic cosmetics. The addition of Leucidal ensures that our foundations are safe & spoil free for 12 months.
I’m Fabulous Cosmetics has added fabulous ingredients like Prickly pear cactus seed oil into their Luxurious Organic Serum. Prickly pear cactus, or Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill., is also referred to as barbary fig and is a member of the Cactaceae family. The parts of the plant include pads (also called leaves or cladodes) covered with spines, fruits (or tunas), seeds, flowers, and stems/trunks.
Prickly Pear Seed Oil:Prevents Wrinkles. Prickly Pear Oil has an extensive Vitamin E content, 895mg/kg (150% more than Argan oil). Vitamin E is a free radical scavenger and increases cell renewal. The high fatty acid contentplumps the skin, reducing wrinkles and adding firmness, as well as intercepting free radical damage.
The fruits range in color and can be green, yellow, orange, or red. The flowers of the prickly pear cactus can also range in color, even among the same species. Flowers can either be yellow, red, or purple.
Most of the plant parts benefit humans and animals both internally and externally and have been used throughout the world. For instance, in traditional medicine, Opuntia ficus indica has been used for the treatment of burns.
The Aztecs extracted the milky juice from the plant and mixed it with honey and egg yolk to provide an ointment to treat burns. Prickly pear cactus has been used for wounds, edema, hyperlipidemia, obesity and catarrhal gastritis.
In Mexican traditional medicine, prickly pear cactus (nopal) is used for the treatment of diabetes and high cholesterol. Alcoholic extracts have been indicated for anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, and antiviral purposes. The Chinese dressed abscesses with the fleshy pad of the plant.
The American Indians used the fruit for food and also made syrup from it to treat a whooping cough and asthma.
Only recently, research has begun to show just how much the seeds of the prickly pear can so greatly benefit skin. Within the edible part of each prickly pear fruit there are numerous seeds. The seed amount can vary from 30% to 40% on a dry weight basis. These seeds contain oil, and it is this nutrient-rich oil that is extracted and then used on the skin. Today, oil can be pressed from the seeds and then used as a carrier oil or ingredient in cosmetics and skincare applications.
Anatomy of the Skin’s Epidermis
The epidermis, or outermost layer of human skin, is covered and protected by a layer of lipids and sweat known as the acid mantle. The lipid portion of the acid mantle is made up of sebum from sebaceous glands as well as lipids from the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis) The sweat of the acid mantle is that secreted by sweat glands. The acid mantle has an acidic pH. The pH is the measurement of acidity or alkalinity of a body fluid. With a pH between 4 and 6.5, the skin is protected from bacterial and fungal infection as well as water loss. The acid mantle also supports the barrier function of the stratum corneum. If the acid mantle loses its acidity, the skin becomes susceptible to damage and infection as well as irritation and sensitivity.
The stratum corneum has a brick-and-mortar type design. Corneocytes are the cells that form the brick-like layer. The mortar is made up of a complex of intercellular lipids that holds the moisture in between the corneocytes. The stratum corneum maintains the water level of the skin below and controls and reduces what is known as transepidermal water loss (TEWL). TEWL is the natural moisture flow out from deeper skin layers to be lost eventually by evaporation from the skin surface. With the brick-and-mortar design, the cells in the stratum corneum (the corneocytes) form a water-retaining barrier embedded in a lipid matrix.
The principal lipids that make up the mortar of the stratum corneum include ceramides (approximately 40-50%), cholesterol (20-25%), and fatty acids (10-25%). It is this mortar of lipids that serves to prevent water loss through the stratum corneum. These lipids and the natural moisturizing factor (NMF) of the stratum corneum are crucial in maintaining the water level of the skin as well as reducing TEWL. The NMF, which is housed within the corneocytes, is composed of free amino acids and their derivatives, urocanic acid, inorganic salts, sugars, lactic acid, and urea. NMF components are highly efficient humectants that attract and bind water from the atmosphere, drawing it into the corneocytes. These compounds are responsible for keeping the skin moist and pliable by attracting and holding water. They can hold large amounts of water in the skin cells and are also capable of absorbing water from the atmosphere and/or products applied to the skin. The lipids serve to prevent water loss from occurring in the NMF.
The Stratum Corneum Skin Barrier Function – Normal versus Dry Skin
Fatty acids in the skin lubricate, soften, and protect skin and prevent moisture loss from the skin. Both essential and non-essential fatty acids play separate and critical roles in proper skin function. The two types of essential fatty acids (EFAs) are linoleic acid and alpha-linoleic acid. EFAs are called essential because they are absolutely essential in our bodies, but our bodies cannot synthesize them. We must, therefore, consume them in our diets or apply them to our skin. All other fatty acids found in the skin simply are referred to as fatty acids. These include palmitic acid, oleic acid, myristic acid, stearic acid, and others. Non-essential fatty acids can be produced by the body, although they can still be ingested from some of the food that we eat or applied to the skin.
Components of Vegetable/Herbal/Nut/Seed Oils and Their Effect on Skin
A deficiency in stratum corneum lipids may contribute to dehydrated skin or xerosis (an abnormal dryness of the skin or mucus membranes). Factors that may cause such condition include age, low humidity in the environment, cold or heat exposure (e.g. sunburn, wind burn, or frostbite), diet, genetics, and indoor heating. Factors that can break down the protective lipid layer and increase TEWL include taking long, hot showers in the wintertime, using harsh detergents or solvents, excessive hand washing, and applying irritating chemicals. When the skin barrier breaks down, one may notice dry, itchy, flaky, rough, and dull skin and can even develop fissures and cracks. Whether a person has healthy, supple skin or suffers from common skin disorders, maintenance of a healthy skin barrier is vital. A daily skin regimen must be followed regularly to maintain the health of the skin.
One exceptional way to help maintain the health of the skin is to apply vegetable/herbal/nut/seed oils onto the skin. These oils, along with creams, lotions, ointments, butters, and balms soften and smooth the skin surface, maintain skin’s tone and elasticity, prevent TEWL, and support the lipid matrix. Vegetable and seed oils, beeswax, squalene, lanolin, and shea butter supply nutrients to and have a hydrating effect on the skin. They are called occlusive substances and form a barrier on the surface of the skin helping to reduce TEWL. Thus, vegetable oils are highly biocompatible to the skin and maintain the health of the stratum corneum.
Vegetable oils can be used to dilute and carry essential oils onto skin. They can also be therapeutic substances, in that they contain the following chemical components: 1.) essential and non-essential fatty acids, 2.) fat-soluble vitamins, 3.) sterols/phytosterols, and 4.) polyphenols/phenolic compounds.
Component 1 – Essential and Non-Essential Fatty Acids: Vegetable oils contain varying amounts of EFAs and non-essential fatty acids. When EFAs are deficient in the skin, the integrity of the skin suffers. A deficiency can cause a disruption in the epidermic homeostasis which affects the barrier function of the skin. This can then lead to TEWL which can then lead to skin disorders such as dryness, scaliness, redness, dermatitis, and other signs of inflammation. Diet, age, and certain diseases like diabetes contribute to an EFA deficiency. The EFAs present in vegetable oils help restore the skin barrier and treat inflammatory disorders of the skin including dermatitis, psoriasis, and eczema. They help wounds heal and help in the prevention of wrinkles.
As mentioned earlier, linoleic acid (LA) is one of the two types of EFAs. LA, the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) is present in the epidermis. PUFAs are fatty acids with two or more carbon double bonds. They include omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids. They are very unstable and readily oxidize when exposed to oxygen and light. When tocopherols such as Vitamin E are present in a PUFA-rich vegetable oil, the oil’s lipids become more stable. Linoleic acid, an omega 6 fatty acid, is an essential fatty acid in the skin that is required for the formation and maintenance of the cutaneous barrier to water loss. If the water content of the stratum corneum (commonly caused by a breakdown or assault to the skin barrier) falls below 10% the natural functions of it are impaired and the skin becomes dry (dehydrated), scaly, and less pliable, all the signs of xerosis. The most common areas individuals experience xerosis are on the arms and legs. Linoleic acid is crucial to the proper growth and development of the epidermis. It also is required for synthesis of the important long-chain ceramides necessary to protect against dry skin. Vegetable oils rich in linoleic acid include: safflower, sunflower/not high oleic acid version, flax seed, hemp seed, wheatgerm, walnut, and sesame oil. Macadamia nut and sea buckthorn oils are all rich in palmitic acid. The other type of essential fatty acid found in vegetable oils is known as alpha-linoleic acid (ALA). It reduces inflammation when applied topically and can reduce acne.
Component 2 – Fat-soluble Vitamins: Vitamin E, or tocopherols, is a potent antioxidant found in vegetable oils. Antioxidants prevent free radicals from causing cell damage. Skin is susceptible to aging from free radicals because the free radicals damage the collagen (the main component in connective skin tissue) and elastin fibers in the skin. Tocopherols function as free radical scavengers. Vitamin E helps heal, repair, and regenerate skin. There are several types of tocopherols including alpha (α), beta (β), gamma (γ), and delta (δ) tocopherols. Vegetable oils are also a good source of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and K. As stated above, when tocopherols such as Vitamin E are present in a PUFA-rich vegetable oil, the oil’s lipids become more stable.
Component 3 – Sterols/Phytosterols: Phytosterols are components found in vegetable oils that resemble cholesterol components. Like cholesterol, phytosterols have a water-binding capacity that may help maintain a healthy skin barrier function. When phytosterols are applied topically on the skin, anti-aging benefits may occur. They not only stop the slow-down of collagen production caused by sun damage, but they can also encourage new collagen production.
Component 4 – Polyphenols/Phenolic compounds: Polyphenols are found in vegetable oils and are a large class of chemical compounds known as phenolic compounds. Whether ingested or applied topically, they provide the body with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and oxidative stress prevention. Polyphenols prevent skin damage from sunlight’s UV rays and can ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure including skin damage, erythema (redness or rash resulting from capillary congestion), and lipid peroxidation (oxidative deterioration of lipids).
Cactus pear oil was examined in a 2002 study conducted by Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan and Jorg-Thomas Morsel where total lipids were found to be 98.8g/kg dry weight. In the study it was found that the fatty acid profile of seed oil evinces the lipids as a good source of the essential linoleic acid and oleic acids, wherein the ratio of linoleic to oleic was about 3:1. Linoleic was the dominating fatty acid, followed by palmitic and oleic acid, respectively. Ramadan and Morsel suggested that the levels of total lipids may depend on fruit cultivar, degree of ripeness, and fruit processing and storage conditions. As for fat-soluble vitamins, Ramadan and Morsel found a Vitamin E level of 0.04% of total lipids in the seed oil. γ-tocopherol was the main form of Vitamin E found, followed by α-tocopherol. Vitamin A in the form of β-carotene accounted for less than 0.42g/kg in seed oil. Vitamin K1 was also present at 0.05% of total lipids. Also, hi levels of sterols were estimated for the seed oil, which made up 9.33g/kg of seed oil. β-Sitosterol was the sterol marker, which comprised 72% of the total sterol content in the seed oil. The next major component was campesterol. Stigmasterol, lanosterol, ∆5-avenasterol, and ∆7-avenasterol were also found. The study concluded that prickly pear seed oil, as well as prickly pear pulp oil is a rich source of fatty acids, fat-soluble vitamins, and sterols. Much of the research conducted in the years following this study referred back to and compared their data and results with those of Ramadan and Morsel.
Other studies also found prickly pear seed oil to be exceptionally rich in fatty acids, particularly in linoleic acid. One study measured between 61.4 – 68.9% linoleic, 12.38 – 16.51% oleic, and 11.44 – 15.89% palmitic acid. In yet another study, of the total fatty acids present in the seed oil, 70.3% consisted of linoleic, followed by 16.7% oleic. With regard to its lipid profile, Opuntia seed oil was considered exceptionally rich and comparable with grape seed oil. One other study examined and compared the seed oils of two species of prickly pear which were Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii. It found exceptional linoleic acid levels of 58.79 and 79.83%, respectively. There was also a study that tested four different colored fruits and the seed oils of each. Red, orange, yellow, and green fully ripened fruits were picked in August and then tested. The level of linoleic acid in one color of fruit did not necessarily mean relatively similar levels of other fatty acids. For example, while linoleic levels ranged from greatest to least as 63.1% for orange, 62.1% for yellow, 61.8% for green, and 58.7% for red, oleic levels ranged from greatest to least as 24.3% for red, 20.9% for yellow, 16.3% for green, and 15.2% for orange.
A 2014 study found that the prickly pear seed contained 403 mg/kg of Vitamin E mostly in the form of γ-tocopherol. Some studies considered the tocopherols in the seed oil to be capable of making the seed oil quite stable. One of these is the study mentioned above where the seed oils of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii were compared. Although the levels of γ-tocopherol found in the two seed oils were only 1.23% and 0.29% of the total lipids respectively, the study still stated, “High levels of Vitamin E, detected in the oils, may contribute to great stability toward oxidation.”
A German study focused on topical treatments containing phytosterols. The results indicated that phytosterols not only stopped the slow-down of collagen production, but they actually encouraged new collagen production. Thus, the researchers suggested that phytosterols can reverse the effects of aging and may be useful additions to anti-aging products. In the study mentioned earlier that compared the seed oils of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii, the sterolic fraction was composed of β-sitosterol 21.93% and 2.80%, campesterol 3.75% and 0.51%, stigmasterol 1.64% and 0%, and fucosterol 0% and 0.27% respectively. The sterol marker, β-sitosterol, accounted for 80.27% and 78.21% of the total sterol content in Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dilenii seed oils. These numbers were similar to those found in the Ramadan and Morsel study.
Polyphenols are abundant in the cactus pear. The growing interest in polyphenols results from their antioxidant potential which is involved in health benefits such as the prevention of inflammation, cardiovascular dysregulation, and neurodegenerative diseases. Polyphenols are free radical scavenging and have also proven anticancer activity. All parts of the cactus plant are rich in members of the polyphenol family such as various flavonoids and phenolic acids. Prickly pear seeds contain high amounts ranging from 48 (red) to 89 (orange) mg/100 g and include feruloyl derivatives, tannins, and sinapoyl diglucoside. In the study that examined the four different colored cactus fruits, the phenolic profile of the seeds displayed a high complexity, with more than 20 compounds detected at 330 nm after liquid chromatography separation. Among them, three isomers of feruloyl-sucrose were firmly identified and so was sinapoyl-diglycoside. High correlations were found between phenolic content in the defatted seed extracts and their antioxidant activity. The seed extract of the orange fruit showed significantly higher values for all of the detected phenolic compounds. The samples presenting the highest antioxidant activities also had the highest phenolics, tannins and flavonoids content. Indeed, the seed extract of the orange fruits presented better activities, while the extract from the red one showed lower ones.
One other thing to note about prickly pear seeds is that although cactus pears carry an average of 150-300 seeds each, only a tiny amount of oil can be extracted from each seed. This, in turn, makes the cost of prickly pear seed oil extremely high. At about $2,000 per liter (approximately 34 US fluid ounces), prickly pear seed oil is the most expensive carrier oil on the market. According to Karim Anegay, who heads the cactus program at the Economic Promotion Office in Morocco, 8 tonnes of cactus pears are needed to produce just 1 liter of seed oil.
After researching the components of prickly pear seed oil, it is quite easy to see why it is gaining such popularity in the cosmetics and food industries. With large amounts of linoleic acid, Vitamin E, phytosterols, and polyphenols, prickly pear seed oil stimulates healthy cell production and turnover, provides protection, and helps skin retain moisture. These components make the oil an extremely rich and skin-nourishing oil. It soothes, hydrates, and reduces inflammation that can damage collagen, and it can prevent skin aging and wrinkles. The only disadvantage I can see is the cost to extract, press, and bottle the oil. However, after the research I conducted, I realize that prickly pear seed oil’s cost may be worth every drop.
Chougui, N.; Tamendjari, A.; Hamidj, W.; Hallal, S.; Barras, A.; Richard, T.; Larbat, R. (2013). Oil composition and and characterization of phenolic compounds of Opuntia ficus-indica seeds. Food Chemistry 139: 796-803.
Dunn, Shannon. “Beauty of the Barbary.” WellBeing Natural Health & Living News: n. pag. Web. 15 Jan 2013.
El-Mostafa, K.; El Kharrassi, Y.; Badreddine, A.; Andreoletti, P.; Vamecq, J.; El Kebbaj, M.S.; Latruffe, N.; Lizard, G.; Nasser, B.; Cherkaoui-Malki, M. (2014). Nopal Cactus (Opuntia-ficus indica) as a Source of Bioactive Compounds for Nutrition, Health and Disease. Molecules 19(9): 14879-14901. doi:10.3390/molecules190914879.
Ennouri, M. (2007). Beneficial Effect of Opuntia Ficus Indica Seeds and Oil On Animal Health. Cactusnet 11: 36-41.
Fowler, Joseph MD, FAAD. “Understanding the Role of Natural Moisturizing Factor in Skin Hydration.” Practical Dermatology: n. pag. Web. Jul 2012.
Ghazi, Z.; Ramdani, M.; Fauconnier, M.L.; El Mahi, B.; Cheikh, R. (2013). Fatty acids Sterols and Vitamin E composition of seed oil of Opuntia Ficus Indica and Opuntia Dillenii from Morocco. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 4(6): 967-972.
Grether-Beck, S.; Mühlberg, K.; Brenden, H.; Krutmann, J. (2008) Topical application of vitamins, phytosterols and ceramides. Protection against increased expression of interstital collagenase and reduced collagen-I expression after single exposure to UVA irradiation. Hautarzt 59(7): 557-62. doi: 10.1007/s00105-008-1554-7.
Hmamou, D.B; Salghi, R.; Bazzi, L.H.; Hammouti, B.; Al-Deyab, S.; Bammou, L.; Bazzi, L.; Bouyanzer, A. (2012). Prickly Pear Seed Oil Extract: A Novel Green Inhibitor for Mild Steel Erosion in 1 M HCl Solution. International Journal of Electrochemical Science 7: 1303-1318.
Kaur, M.; Kaur, A.; Sharma, R. (2012) Pharmacological actions of Opuntia ficus indica: A Review. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 02(07): 15-18.
Labuschagne, M.T. and Hugo, A. (2010). Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Cactus Pear Seed Compared With Cotton and Grape Seed. Journal of Food Biochemistry 34: 93-100. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-4514.2009.00266.x
Moβhammer, M.R.; Stintzing, F.C.; Carle, R. (2006). Cactus Pear Fruits (Opuntia spp.): A Review of Processing Technologies and Current Uses. Journal of the Professional Association for Cactus Development: 1-25.
Pandey, K.B. and Rizvi, S.I. (2009). Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 2(5): 270-278.
Ramadan, M.F. and J.-T. Mörsel (2003a). Oil cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L.). Food Chemistry 82: 339-345.
Shutes, J. (2015). Aromatic Component and Research Reference Manual. Chapel Hill, NC: EWSHAS Publishing
Tlili, N.; Bargougui, A.; Elfalleh, W.; Triki, S.; Nasri, N. (2011). Phenolic compounds, protein, lipid content and fatty acids compositions of cactus seeds. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(18): 4519-4524.
This fabulous organic serum at 5% with an extreme concentration, 5%, of Copper Tripeptide GHK-Cu helps to prevent and reverse largely all aspect of visible skin aging.
This serum is for extreme skin repair and scarring. So we highly recommend to use it only once a day. Just use one (2 oz bottle treatment) then stop for 12 months.
2 oz / 60 mL glass bottle with a pump with serum in it + 5% of Copper Tripeptide GHK-Cu mixer concentrate.
You have the option (above add to cart) to choose to buy the serum + concentrate only or the serum + concentrate + the skin roller.
Skin Roller Features:
Stimulate the collagen production,
Reduce pore size and firming
Improve elasticity of skin
Smoothen acne scars
Reduce fine lines, wrinkles and dark circle
Skin-friendly, safe and faster skin restructuring
I’m Fabulous High Tech Copper Peptide Serum 5% helps to smooth and repair fine lines and wrinkles by increasing collagen production and skins elasticity.
Eliminates oils from skin, reducing breakouts. After you have added the concentrate and the serum your final serum will look light blue.
Vibrant Radiant Skin
Healthy Youthful Glow
– Increase collagen I, III, IV production – Reduces fine lines and wrinkles – Reduces acne scars – Reduces stretch marks – Tightens loose skin – Improves skin elasticity – Reduces inflammation and irritation – Evens skin tone – Reduces freckles, spots – Reduces Sun Damage – Reduces hyperpigmentation – Smooths rough skin – Accelerates wound healing
This comes in two bottles, one bottle with the blue copper concentrate needed to make up the serum. You activate this yourself by mixing the blue copper peptide concentrate and the high-tech copper peptide activator serum by shaking for about 30 seconds to mix well and activate your serum. This way you get the freshest product that will stay active for you for the longest time.
The High Tech Copper Peptide Serum 5% encourage skin health to target all aspects of skin aging by keeping the skin in an ongoing state of repair.
The peptide is responsible for activation of a wide range of skin health functions, including wound healing, immune function, collagen synthesis, blood vessel development, fibroblast production and anti-inflammatory responses.
The concentration of this peptide in human plasma continues to drop with aging past late teenage years and this drop exceeds 55% by age 55.
Many anti-aging products on the market contain variations of copper peptides in extremely small amounts. Generally, these variation peptides are found in parts per million in active technologies that topical products claim to include at high percentages but the final concentration of the various peptides in topical products is generally less than 0.01% and these peptides would then have to be converted to even smaller amounts of pure copper peptides within the skin.
•This fabulous serum contains 5.0% pure Copper Tripeptide-1 (GHK-Cu) to be mixed with a specialized organic and vegan activator before first use. This extraordinary concentration allows activation of a wide array of skin health functions that help to prevent and reverse largely all aspects of visible skin aging, including textural damage, uneven pigmentation, loss of elasticity, lines, wrinkles, enlarged pores and general lack of a healthy radiance present in the younger skin. In short, the skin will act and look younger starting within 5 days with continued improvements over time.
•Animo Acids: (Sodium L-Pyrrolidone Carboxylate, Sodium Lactate, LArginine, L-Aspartic Acid, L-Pyrrolidonecarboxylic Acid, Glycine, L-Alanine, L-Serine, L-Valine, L-Proline, L-threonine, L-Isoleucine, L-Histidine, L-Phenylalanine). Amino acids make up 75% of the human body. proteins, amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. They band together in chains to form the stuff from which life is born. This is a two-step process: first, they get together and form peptides or polypeptides, and it is from these groupings that proteins are made. Two amino acids joined in a peptide bond constitute a dipeptide, three a tripeptide, several an oligopeptide, and many a polypeptide. A protein can be made up of just one or multiple polypeptides.Amino acids are an essential part of the synthesis of collagen and elastin. When the supply of amino acids is reduced, it affects the renewal of cells, which causes, in particular, the thinning of the dermis. So, one would hope that putting amino acids back will help collagen and elastin production. It does, but not just any old amino acids. A study in an academic publication called (appropriately) “AMINO ACIDS,” demonstrated that “branched-chain amino acids” along with two specific amino acids, glutamine or proline, restored collagen synthesis after UV exposure.
(Directly combined with a Very-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Delivery Complex) A unique cross-linked non-animal form of hyaluronic acid that delivers water and water-soluble actives over time into the skin through its nonequilibrium gel structure, helping to maintain high skin water content for longer periods. Complex delivery of water-bound content through this system allows for smaller technologies to penetrate the skin.
Skin Exfoliation. Coffee grounds work great as a face scrub because their texture helps exfoliate the skin and remove dead skin cells. …
Skin Softening. …
Cellulite Reduction. …
Treating Dark Circles and Puffy Eyes. …
Skin Tightening. …
Skin Brightening. …
Caffeine also has several properties that are good for your skin, doing everything from diminishing under-eye circles, reducing inflammation and redness, and doing away with cellulite. If you want to reap the benefits of coffee for skin, add it to your skin care routine and find out how your complexion improves.
Caffeine has anti-inflammatory properties that make it a great way to get rid of any redness and swelling on your face and skin. It works so well that a study has even shown that its performance is already comparable to that of aspirin when it comes to minimizing puffiness, at least on rats. Another experiment that involved testing the effectiveness of coffee as an added ingredient to anti-inflammatory creams yielded significant positive results, proving once again the benefits of coffee on the skin.
Easier and cheaper than a salon facial treatment is a coffee-cocoa face pack, which can quickly be made even in the comforts of your home. Simply mix two spoons each of cocoa powder and ground coffee, then add to three spoons of milk and a spoonful of honey. If your skin is oily, you may want to use yogurt instead of milk. This mixture can then be applied directly on your face. After about 30 minutes or so, you can wash off the face pack with clean water. The benefits of this face pack include softer, healthier, and hydrated skin. It can also tighten your pores.
Another one of the great benefits of coffee on the skin is reducing cellulite. This is so because the caffeine in coffee dehydrates your fatty cells, causing the cellulite to appear diminished and making your skin look much smoother. In fact, studies have shown that skin creams which listed caffeine as an ingredient are up to 17% more effective when it comes to cellulite reduction. To make your own body scrub, just mix together coffee, pure aloe vera gel, and vitamin E oil in a 2:1:1 ratio, then apply the mixture and massage onto your skin. Make sure that the coffee you use is finely ground to achieve the best results.
TREATING DARK CIRCLES AND PUFFY EYES
Yet another advantage of coffee is its ability to reduce the appearance of puffiness and dark under-eye circles. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, caffeine can minimize the accumulation of blood under your eyes, therefore preventing dark circles. It is so effective that almost every product marketed as a way to erase dark circles has a certain amount of caffeine in its formula. However, take note that dark circles and under-eye puffiness can be caused by a number of factors, including dehydration, sleep deprivation, and allergies. Although it can remedy excessive blood flow, caffeine cannot remove dark circles that are caused by hereditary factors.
Coffee grounds work great as a face scrub because their texture helps exfoliate the skin and remove dead skin cells. The benefits include a smoother and cleaner face, and as an added benefit, the coffee also helps prevent dryness on your face. To use, simply make a scrub out of half a cup each of brown sugar and ground coffee, along with a quarter cup of olive oil. Mix well until it turns into a fine paste and applies it directly to your face, massaging in circular motions. When you’re done, rinse thoroughly and apply moisturizer for best results.
Coffee is very rich in antioxidants and surprisingly has a far higher content than even fruits and vegetables. This makes it a great remedy for skin damage caused by UV rays from exposure to the sun. Research has proven that applying coffee on the skin provides a layer of protection from harmful radiation. It does this by inhibiting a certain protein enzyme, thereby reducing the risk of getting skin cancer. Moreover, coffee’s diuretic properties make it great for treating a condition called Rosaceae, relieving the discomfort caused by redness and irritation due to sun damage.
Adding to the long list of benefits of coffee on the skin is its properties that allow for skin tightening. Caffeine is great for minimizing the appearance of fine lines around the face, and can also diminish puffiness in certain areas of the face. It is not a surprise that once again, coffee is added as an ingredient to many anti-aging beauty products that aim to tighten skin and reduce fine lines. Most importantly, caffeine has been shown to hinder the development of cancer cells in the body.
The key to having beautiful skin is to have healthy skin, and the best way to achieve this is to make sure that you are protected from viruses, fungi, and bacteria that can harm your face and affect your skin. To give yourself a radiant glow, mix coffee grounds and Epson salt in warm filter water and use this to wash your face. Afterward, use the same coffee grounds to massage and exfoliate your face, rinsing again with the same coffee water.
Caffeine has anti-inflammatory properties that make it a great way to get rid of any redness and swelling on your face and skin. It works so well that a study has even shown that its performance is already comparable to that of aspirin when it comes to minimizing puffiness, at least on rats. Another experiment that involved testing the effectiveness of coffee as an added ingredient to anti-inflammatory creams yielded significant positive results, proving once again the benefits of coffee on skin.
Check out this two amazing products by I’m Fabulous Cosmetics that are going to want you to do an at home spa day! again and again!
BENEFITS OF COCOA ON THE SKIN:
High in antioxidants Cacao blocks harmful free radicals in the body. …
Cacao has a good amount of vitamin C and magnesium, which helps in protecting the skin and keeping it healthy.
Cacao contains omega 6 fatty acids, which helps in cellular healing.
The supportive properties found in cocoa are not just abundant internally, they also provide many of the same effects externally. Just as the antioxidants help stop the premature breakdown of cells in plants, it does the same for your skin. The use of raw cocoa on the skin help to protect skin from free radicals and help combat acne.These properties help to soften, clear and detoxify your skin. It can also increase the elasticity of your skin, which helps with fine lines, wrinkles and reduces the appearance of scars.
You can’t eat any processed foods on this diet. And since our ancestors were hunter-gatherers, not farmers, say goodbye to wheat and dairy, along with other grains and legumes (such as peanuts and beans). Other foods to avoid:
Refined vegetable oils, such as canola
Vegetarian or vegan: This diet emphasizes meat and fish, and Cordain says it’s impossible to follow a Paleo Diet without eating meat, seafood, or eggs. Excellent vegetarian sources of protein, such as beans and other legumes, are not allowed.
Low-salt diet: The diet doesn’t allow salt, so it may help you cut down on sodium. If you do eat any foods that come from a can or a box, you would still need to check the sodium on food labels.
The Paleo Diet also almost completely eradicates sugar. Unless you’re getting your sugar from a fruit, forget it. Sugar causes an energy spike and crash in your system, turns to fat unless it’s used immediately, and wreaks all kind of havoc on our bodies.
So, no grains, no sugar, no processed foods. Many studies have shown that an incredible number of diseases and lifestyle issues can be reversed with these three simple changes. Take a look at this time magazine article on cancer patients who switched to a zero-sugar diet and saw positive results.
So, if we’re not eating 300+ grams of carbs every day, where are we supposed to get our energy from?
Our bodies are designed to operate on a lower amount of carbohydrates than what we’re used to eating, so less carbs isn’t an issue. When there is an absence of carbs (which is how we’re USED to operating), our body will take stored fat and burn THAT for energy in a process called ketogenesis.
What I’m trying to tell you is that our bodies are pretty effin’ efficient.
So, less carbs = less glucose in your system, which means your body will have to start burning fat as your fuel source.
NOT ALL CARB ARE BAD!
Carbs still serve a purpose in our diets, but they’re not essential (check out the Inuit Paradox for a great read on societies that exist without almost any carbohydrates). I prefer to get my carbs from vegetables, sweet potatoes, and fruit. Why is that? These foods are naturally occurring in the wild and don’t need to be processed in any way (unlike grains) in order to be consumed.
The other great thing about vegetables is that you can eat as many of them as you like and you’ll never get fat. They’re incredibly nutrient dense and calorie light – six servings of broccoli (and who would eat 6 servings at once?) has 180 calories and only 36 grams of carbs. A single serving of pasta (and NOBODY eats just one serving of pasta) has 200 calories and 42 grams of carbs.
If we cut out the grains, almost all processed foods, and dairy, you’re left with only things that occur naturally:
Meat – GRASS-FED, not grain-fed. Grain causes the same problem in animals as they do in humans.
Fowl – Chicken, duck, hen, turkey…things with wings that (try to) fly.
Fish – Wild fish, as mercury and other toxins can be an issue in farmed fish
Eggs – Look for Omega-3 enriched eggs.
Vegetables – As long as they’re not deep-fried, eat as many as you want.
Fruits – Have natural sugar, and can be higher in calories, so limit if you’re trying to lose weight.
Nuts – High in calories, so they’re good for a snack, but don’t eat bags and bags of them.
Tubers – Sweet potatoes and yams. Higher in calories and carbs, so these are good for right after a workout to replenish your glycogen levels.
Steak with asparagus and sweet potato fries, grilled chicken salad, massive omelets that will fill you up for the whole morning, apples dipped in almond butter (my favorite snack ever), and so on. Pick any of the things from that list, and eat as much as you want of them (with the noted exceptions). You’ll feel better and be healthier.
Castor Oil has been used for centuries and is absolutely amazing for healing and improving your skin. Castor Oil is loaded with powerful antioxidants, essential fatty acids, and Vitamins, that help your skin look and feel better. Castor Oil penetrates deep into the skin; softening, nourishing, and moisturizing.
It is a powerful anti-aging agent, as it helps to renew skin cells, and boosts your skins production of elastin and collagen. This helps to minimize fine lines and wrinkles, and make skin tighter and more elastic, to reverse or prevent the signs of aging. Castor Oil improves blood circulation to the skin, giving you that youthful glow.
Castor Oil also reduces the appearance of scars and discolorations. The fatty acids in the oil penetrates into the scar tissue and promote the growth of healthy cells.
How does Castor Oil heal my hair?
Castor Oil does wonders for hair. This oil brings luster and life back into your tresses. Castor Oil contains amazing fatty acids and is high in Vitamin E.
This nourishes and conditions your strands making them stronger, bouncier, and very, very soft.
It locks moisture into your hair combating dryness and brittleness. Castor Oil heals and seals split ends, allowing your hair to look sleeker and grow longer. This oil is not only great for your strands, but is perfect for your scalp. Castor Oil is anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-inflammatory. Massaged into your scalp regularly, Castor Oil will reduce dandruff, and itchy and irritated scalp. I’m Fabulous Cosmetics like to use organics Castor Oil to help you get shinny, soft, bouncy, and luscious hair.
I have thinning and balding hair and edges. Will Castor Oil help me?
Castor Oil has changed the life of so many people who have suffered from, hair loss, hair thinning, bald patches, and thinning or damaged edges. The factors of hair loss can range from hormonal changes in the body to disease, to abuse of the hair and scalp with rough techniques or unnatural and damaging hair products.
Castor Oil helps you to re-grow your hair in a few ways. Its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties fight against folliculitis (inflamed and irritated hair follicles), scalp infections and dandruff. When your scalp and follicles and healthy, your hair will grow.
The Ricinoleic acid helps to increase the blood flow to your scalp, helping your hair to grow much faster. It also helps to balance your scalps Ph, to balance your own oil production, further helping the hair to grow.
This amazing oil also prevents unnecessary hair fall, keeping your hair on your head. It wakes up dormant hair follicles, allowing hair to grow where it wasn’t before, making for a denser, thicker head of hair. It also thickens up the hair strand itself. It evens helps to thicken out your brows, and lengthen and thicken your eyelashes. This Oil is like a miracle oil to grow your hair.
I have sensitive skin, and I’m prone to breaking out. Is Castor Oil good for my skin?
Castor Oil is the perfect oil for sensitive skin and acne prone skin. Molivera Organics Castor Oil is 100% natural and pure and works with your skin, not against it like harsh chemicals. This oil is actually soothing and calming to the skin, and is a great treatment for sensitive skin. The Ricinoleic acid is a great acne fighter. This Oil also helps to regulate your own skin’s oil production, helping to reduce acne. It is anti-inflammatory, which also helps to prevent acne. It also helps to reduce the appearance of acne scars. Especially for acne prone skin, always apply to a freshly cleaned face. This oil will help your skin become calm, clear, happy, and beautiful.